roman empire questions and answers pdf

Roman empire questions and answers pdf

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Rome and Christianity

Jesus and Chritianity

Skip to main content. Search form Search. Chapter 6 section 4 the fall of the roman empire quizlet. Chapter 6 section 4 the fall of the roman empire quizlet chapter 6 section 4 the fall of the roman empire quizlet Alexander's Empire Section 5. In this chapter, you will learn about the Byzantine Empire in the east.

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Question: In what year did the Western Roman Empire come to an end? Answer: The original Roman Empire in western Europe came to an end in CE, when the last emperor was removed from power.

Question: Which of these did the Romans not employ in battle? Answer: The submarine was invented in the 18th century, long after the end of the Roman Empire. Question: Who was a legendary founder of Rome? Answer: Romulus and his twin Remus were the legendary founders of Rome. Question: Which one of these was not implicated in the assassination of Julius Caesar? Question: When did Julius Caesar die?

Question: The ancient city of Rome was built on this many hills: Answer: Rome, famously, was built on seven hills. The Capitoline, one of them, gives us the word "capitol. Answer: The forum was the outside area used for public meetings and markets in ancient Roman cities. Question: Who was the emperor during the first year of the Pax Romana? Augustus laid the foundation for this period of concord, which also extended to North Africa and Persia.

The empire protected and governed individual provinces, permitting each to make and administer its own laws while accepting Roman taxation and military control. Question: Which dynasty was founded by Vespasian? Question: Who wrote the Germania? Answer: Tacitus , a Roman orator and public official, was probably the greatest historian and one of the greatest prose stylists who wrote in the Latin language.

Among his works is the Germania , which describes the Germanic tribes. Question: Who ordered the crucifixion of Jesus? He presided at the trial of Jesus and gave the order for his crucifixion. The battle is known as the bloodiest of the century. Question: Which Roman emperor was the first to profess Christianity? Answer: Constantine I was the first Roman emperor to profess Christianity. He not only initiated the evolution of the empire into a Christian state but also provided the impulse for a distinctively Christian culture that prepared the way for the growth of Byzantine and Western medieval culture.

Question: How many books are there in the Code of Justinian? Answer: The Code of Justinian is the collection of laws and legal interpretations developed under the sponsorship of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I from to CE.

A Phoenician tower may have occupied the site originally, but the present structure is considered a Roman work dating from or at least remodeled during the reign of Trajan 98— CE. Question: Which piece of Roman architecture was built under the Flavian emperors, during the reign of Vespasian?

Construction of the Colosseum was begun sometime between 70 and 72 CE during the reign of Vespasian. The structure was officially dedicated in 80 CE by Titus in a ceremony that included days of games. Question: Which ancient Roman city was destroyed after the eruption of Mount Vesuvius? Answer: Pompeii is a preserved ancient Roman city in Campania, Italy, 14 miles 23 km southeast of Naples, at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius.

On August 24, 79 CE, a huge eruption from Mount Vesuvius showered volcanic debris over Pompeii, followed the next day by clouds of blisteringly hot gases. Buildings were destroyed, the population was crushed or asphyxiated, and the city was buried beneath a blanket of ash and pumice. Answer: Istanbul , formerly Constantinople, is the largest city and principal seaport of Turkey.

It was the capital of both the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Question: Which Roman empress reputedly discovered the True Cross? Answer: The Roman empress St. Helena was the reputed discoverer of the True Cross , the wood of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified.

Legend relates that St. Question: Who is commonly regarded as the last though illegitimate Western Roman emperor? Answer: Romulus Augustulus is known to history as the last of the Western Roman emperors — In fact, he was a usurper and puppet not recognized as a legitimate ruler by the Eastern emperor.

Julius Nepos was the last legitimate Western Roman emperor reigned — Question: Which was the privileged social class in ancient Roman society? Answer: The patricians were members of a group of citizen families who, in contrast with the plebeian class, formed a privileged class in early Rome.

Question: Which Roman emperor self-adopted a title that means "restorer of the world"? Answer: Roman emperor Aurelian reigned from to Question: What was the eastern half of the Roman Empire called? The Byzantine Empire survived for a thousand years after the western half had crumbled into various feudal kingdoms.

It finally fell to Ottoman Turkish onslaughts in Question: What is the full name of the Roman emperor Caligula? Answer: Caligula 's full name was Gaius Caesar Germanicus. He reigned from 37 to 41 CE, in succession after Tiberius.

Question: What were the household troops of the Roman emperors called? Answer: The household troops of the Roman emperors were called the Praetorian Guard. The cohors praetoria existed by the 2nd century BC, acting as bodyguards for Roman generals. Question: Which famous church was built under the direction of Justinian I? It was built as a Christian church in the 6th century CE — under the direction of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I.

In subsequent centuries it became a mosque, a museum, and a mosque again. Question: What was the earliest written legislation of ancient Roman law called? After his own troops murdered the deposed emperor Maximinus reigned — , the Praetorian Guard rioted, killed Pupienus and Balbinus, and in August proclaimed the young Gordian sole emperor. Question: Who adopted the name Marcus Aurelius as a part of his imperial title?

Answer: Roman emperor Carus reigned from to Like his predecessors, Carus adopted the name Marcus Aurelius as a part of his imperial title. Answer: Crispus was the eldest son of Constantine the Great. Answer: The Byzantine Empire , the eastern half of the Roman Empire, survived for a thousand years after the western half had crumbled into various feudal kingdoms.

The Byzantine Empire finally fell to Ottoman Turkish onslaughts in Question: Which Roman senator was famous for his opposition to Nero? Question: How many Punic Wars were there? Answer: The Punic Wars , also called the Carthaginian Wars, was a series of three wars — BCE between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian Punic empire, resulting in the destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean.

Question: Which writing system is the probable ancestor of the Greek alphabet and, hence, of all Western alphabets? It is the direct or indirect ancestor of all modern European alphabets. Derived from the North Semitic alphabet via that of the Phoenicians , the Greek alphabet was modified to make it more efficient and accurate for writing a non-Semitic language by the addition of several new letters and the modification or dropping of several others.

The Phoenician alphabet became the basis of the Greek alphabet. Question: Which city was destroyed as a result of the First Punic War? It resulted in the destruction of Carthage. Question: In which war did Hannibal cross the Alps? Question: Between which forces was the Battle of Cannae fought?

One of the most significant battles in history, it is regarded by military historians as a classic example of a victorious double envelopment. Question: In which battle did Germanic leader Arminius destroy three Roman legions over the course of four days? The Germanic leader Arminius organized a series of ambushes on a column of three Roman legions headed by Publius Quinctilius Varus. Roman sources indicate that over four days, Arminius destroyed all three legions and ultimately prevented Rome from subjugating Germania east of the Rhine River.

Question: Which battle resulted in the defeat of Attila, king of the Huns? It checked the Hunnic advance in Europe. Question: What was the largest Roman hippodrome called? Answer: The Circus Maximus was the largest of the Roman hippodromes and one of the largest sports arenas ever built.

Nothing but the site, between the Palatine and Aventine hills, remains today. Question: Who was included in the group generally known as the Second Triumvirate?

Answer: In ancient Rome, the triumvirate was a board of three officials. Under it, they received absolute authority, dictatorial in scope. Question: What was the period of peace and prosperity in ancient Rome called?

The empire protected and governed individual provinces, permitting each to make and administer its laws while accepting Roman taxation and military control. Question: Which emperor introduced a short-lived system of power sharing between four rulers, two augusti and two caesars the tetrarchy?

Answer: As Roman emperor for more than 20 years — CE , Diocletian brought stability, security, and efficient government to the Roman state after nearly half a century of chaos. He instituted lasting administrative, military, and financial reforms and introduced a short-lived system of power sharing between four rulers, two augusti and two caesars the tetrarchy.

Question: Which emperor completely rebuilt the Pantheon sometime between and CE? Virtually intact today, the Pantheon synthesizes Greek and Roman architectural elements, among them the characteristic dome and oculus.

Spanning seven square miles, it demonstrates the architectural prowess and cultural scope of the empire at its peak.

Rome and Christianity

These worksheets look at the Roman culture and people. We look at what the people did, who they worshipped, and the rise and the fall of the empire. We will break down the engineering marvels constructed such as the Colosseum by this civilization. We will also explore the leaders that perpetuated the culture further like Julius Caesar. We will also look at outliers that by the standards of today we can not even fathom like the concept of a barbarian culture.

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Jesus and Chritianity

Question: In what year did the Western Roman Empire come to an end? Answer: The original Roman Empire in western Europe came to an end in CE, when the last emperor was removed from power. Question: Which of these did the Romans not employ in battle? Answer: The submarine was invented in the 18th century, long after the end of the Roman Empire. Question: Who was a legendary founder of Rome?

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  • CalГ­gula P. 25.11.2020 at 23:52

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