File Name: mixed conditionals type 2 and 3 exercises .zip
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Select a unit. They say you shouldn't mix your drinks, but should you mix your conditionals? Find out in this Masterclass with Dan. You all know about the first, second and third conditionals, but do you know how to mix them? Dan has a lesson which will show you how. Dan Hi guys. In this session we'll be looking at mixed conditionals. Now, I know that clever students like yourselves will know that English has three types of conditional sentences.
First conditional is to talk about real, present or future situations, second conditional is to talk about hypothetical present or future situations and third conditional is to talk about hypothetical past situations. All three types of conditional are fantastic and all three types of conditional talk about events within their own time frame — present, future and past.
But what about if you want to talk about an event that happened in the past - which affects the future? If I had taken programming at school, I would have got a job at Google years ago.
Here we have a past hypothetical with a past consequence. Notice the formula: 'If' plus the past perfect here, 'would' plus have plus the past participle here. Now watch what happens as we change the consequence. Now we have a past hypothetical with a present consequence. This part here is from a second conditional. Its formula is 'would' plus the bare infinitive. This kind of makes sense in that decisions or actions in the past affect the present.
But can we do the future? Well, let's have a look. If I had taken programming at school, I would be attending the Google conference next week. Yes we can. As you can see, the only difference between the present and the future is the time expression. The formula is exactly the same: 'would' plus the infinitive. Second conditional. Did you get it? Now let's see what happens if we try to make the second — which is the present — affect the past, which is a third.
It can. Now we have a present theory with a past result. And remember that we use present simple for long term truth. When I say 'I am not smart', I mean: I am not smart now, in the future and in the past. It's the same as saying 'I am English' - past, present and future. So, this kind of conditional works very well with personal descriptions. And here are a couple of other examples. If I were less interesting, I wouldn't have been asked to speak in public so many times.
Let's try one more. Present to past. But a little bit more specific this time. If I weren't flying on holiday next week, I would have accepted that new project at work. Here we have a present second , although it's actually future, with a past third result.
This means that the person couldn't accept the project at work because they knew that they would be flying in the future. OK guys, did you get it? Mixing conditionals isn't difficult to do, as long as you both have confidence and an understanding of the verb forms. It's much easier to do a third to second than it is to do a second to third, but both are possible. And finally, don't forget the importance of time words.
Now, for more information have a look at bbclearningenglish. I've been Dan, you've been great. Have fun guys, see you next time. We often hear that there are three types of conditional sentences in English: first, second and third. However, it is possible to mix the structures to express other ideas:. The structure:. Question 1 of 4. Question 2 of 4. Question 3 of 4.
Question 4 of 4. That's it for this session. Just like drinks, you can mix your conditionals if you want to, but you have to be careful! Latest course content. Learn English Search. How do I Learn English. Unit 7: Towards advanced Grammar, news, vocabulary and pronunciation. Sessions Vocabulary reference Grammar reference.
Come over here and let's take a look. Here is a third conditional sentence: If I had taken programming at school, I would have got a job at Google years ago. If I had taken programming at school, I would be working for Google. If I were smarter, I would have invented something clever when I was younger. If he were taller, he would have become a basketball player. If they were in love, they would have got married 10 years ago. Summary We often hear that there are three types of conditional sentences in English: first, second and third.
However, it is possible to mix the structures to express other ideas: 1. Past hypothetical situation with a present hypothetical result If I had taken programming at school, I' d have a job at Google now. If I hadn't eaten so much cake, I wouldn't feel so sick. Present hypothetical situation with past hypothetical result If I were smarter, I' d have gone to Oxford University. If I were taller, I' d have become a basketball player.
Future hypothetical situation with past hypothetical result If I weren't going on holiday next week, I could have attended the job interview. If I weren't going to the wedding, I' d have agreed to visit you. If you'd studied harder at school, you wouldn't have to test yourself now! Choose the correct answer 4 Questions How well can you mix your conditionals?
Begin activity. Help Close. Activity How well can you mix your conditionals? Hint This sentence contains a hypothetical past with hypothetical present. Continue the activity. Question 1 of 4 Help. Check my answer. Hint It needs to be negative. Question 2 of 4 Help. I studied hard and now I have a great job. Which of these sentences expresses that idea?
Question 3 of 4 Help.
If causes type 1, type 2 and type 3. It's possible, in this type of conditional, to use will in both parts of the sentence. I go jogging with Tom and Sue if they be here this week. If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct forms, self check Conditional sentences. If I have more time, I learn to play the guitar.
If I wasn't wouldn't have been hadn't been afraid of flying we'd have travelled by plane. Mixed conditionals are a combination of two types of conditional patterns, usually second and third conditionals. We can have a third conditional in the if clause and a second conditional in the main clause or a second conditional in the if clause and a third conditional in the main clause. It is used to talk about hypothetical situations happening in the present or future. It is used to talk about hypothetical situations happening in the past. We use this combination to talk about a hypothetical condition happening in the past third conditional with a present result second conditional.
Mixed conditional sentences (type 0, 1, 2, 3). PDF worksheets with keys; Exercises with answers; Grammar rules with examples.
Select a unit. They say you shouldn't mix your drinks, but should you mix your conditionals? Find out in this Masterclass with Dan. You all know about the first, second and third conditionals, but do you know how to mix them?
This is a free intermediate english grammar quiz and esl worksheet. Conditionals interactive and downloadable worksheet. Mixed conditionals, mixed conditional sentences, type. Mixed conditionals combination of type 2 and type 3.
It is possible for the two parts of a conditional sentence to refer to different times, and the resulting sentence is a "mixed conditional" sentence. There are two types of mixed conditional sentence.
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