biomechanics of knee ligaments injury healing and repair pdf

Biomechanics of knee ligaments injury healing and repair pdf

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A Review on Biomechanics of Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Materials for Reconstruction

Introduction

Role of biomechanics in the understanding of normal, injured, and healing ligaments and tendons

Ligaments of the Knee in Sports Injuries and Rehabilitation

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Fisher and S. Fisher , S.

A Review on Biomechanics of Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Materials for Reconstruction

Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries pp Cite as. Increased athletic participation in high impact and high risk sports has increased the occurrence of soft tissue injuries in the knee. Seventy percent of all ACL injuries are sports-related [3]. In fact, an ACL injury occurs during every h of football, basketball, and soccer that are played [4]. A study from to concluded that an ACL tear occurs on approximately 1 out of 20, skier days [5].

However, females have a proportionally much higher rate of ACL injury than males. Almost three times as many female basketball players and over two times as many female soccer players as their male counterparts injure their ACL [7]. Overall, the serious knee injury rate in all female athletes has increased to twice the level of that in males [8].

As the management of such ligamentous injuries occurs with greater frequency, elucidation of ligament function has become more emergent. Skip to main content Skip to sections. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Advertisement Hide. Ligaments of the Knee in Sports Injuries and Rehabilitation. Wong J. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Download to read the full chapter text. Johnson RJ Prevention of cruciate ligament injuries. Daniel DM Anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Saunders, Philadelphia Google Scholar. Ann Chir Gynaecol 8oaio-n5 Google Scholar. Ireland ML 1 Anterior cruciate ligament injury in female athletes: Epidemiology. J Athl Train — Google Scholar. Gillquist J Knee stability: Its effect on articular cartilage. Matrix Biot 1 - Google Scholar. J Biomech Eng uo: — Google Scholar. J Biomech Eng — Google Scholar.

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Introduction

The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the six ligaments in the human knee joint that provides stability during articulations. It is relatively prone to acute and chronic injuries as compared to other ligaments. Repair and self-healing of an injured anterior cruciate ligament are time-consuming processes. For personnel resuming an active sports life, surgical repair or replacement is essential. Untreated anterior cruciate ligament tear results frequently in osteoarthritis. Therefore, understanding of the biomechanics of injury and properties of the native ligament is crucial.

Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Biomechanics of Diarthrodial Joints Volume I. Conference proceedings. Papers Table of contents 16 papers About About these proceedings Table of contents Search within book. Front Matter Pages i-xix.

Metrics details. This article provides a detailed narrative review on the history and current concepts surrounding ligamentous repair techniques in athletic patients. In particular, we will focus on the anterior cruciate ligament ACL as a case study in ligament injury and ligamentous repair techniques. All relevant historical papers were included for analysis. Additional searches of the same databases were made for papers relating to biological enhancement of ligament healing. The poor capacity of the ACL to heal is one of the main reasons why the current gold standard surgical treatment for an ACL injury in an athletic patient is ACL reconstruction with autograft from either the hamstrings or patella tendon. It is hypothesised that by preserving and repairing native tissues and negating the need for autograft that primary ACL repair may represent a key step change in the treatment of ACL injuries.

Role of biomechanics in the understanding of normal, injured, and healing ligaments and tendons

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI:

Ligaments of the Knee in Sports Injuries and Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries pp Cite as. Increased athletic participation in high impact and high risk sports has increased the occurrence of soft tissue injuries in the knee. Seventy percent of all ACL injuries are sports-related [3]. In fact, an ACL injury occurs during every h of football, basketball, and soccer that are played [4]. A study from to concluded that an ACL tear occurs on approximately 1 out of 20, skier days [5]. However, females have a proportionally much higher rate of ACL injury than males.

Rehabilitation of Sports Injuries pp Cite as. Increased athletic participation in high impact and high risk sports has increased the occurrence of soft tissue injuries in the knee. Seventy percent of all ACL injuries are sports-related [3]. In fact, an ACL injury occurs during every h of football, basketball, and soccer that are played [4]. A study from to concluded that an ACL tear occurs on approximately 1 out of 20, skier days [5]. However, females have a proportionally much higher rate of ACL injury than males. Almost three times as many female basketball players and over two times as many female soccer players as their male counterparts injure their ACL [7].

The anterior cruciate ligament ACL is an important ligamentous stabilizer of the knee. The natural primary healing potential of the ACL has been shown to be extremely poor.

Publication types

Knee ligament injuries are common, particularly in sports and sports related activities. Rupture of these ligaments upsets the balance between knee mobility and stability, resulting in abnormal knee kinematics and damage to other tissues in and around the joint that lead to morbidity and pain. During the past three decades, significant advances have been made in characterizing the biomechanical and biochemical properties of knee ligaments as an individual component as well as their contribution to joint function. Further, significant knowledge on the healing process and replacement of ligaments after rupture have helped to evaluate the effectiveness of various treatment procedures. This review paper provides an overview of the current biological and biomechanical knowledge on normal knee ligaments, as well as ligament healing and reconstruction following injury.

Metrics details. Ligaments and tendons are soft connective tissues which serve essential roles for biomechanical function of the musculoskeletal system by stabilizing and guiding the motion of diarthrodial joints. Nevertheless, these tissues are frequently injured due to repetition and overuse as well as quick cutting motions that involve acceleration and deceleration. These injuries often upset this balance between mobility and stability of the joint which causes damage to other soft tissues manifested as pain and other morbidity, such as osteoarthritis. The healing of ligament and tendon injuries varies from tissue to tissue. Tendinopathies are ubiquitous and can take up to 12 months for the pain to subside before one could return to normal activity.

The influences and mechanisms of the physiology, rupture and reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament ACL on kinematics and clinical outcomes have been investigated in many biomechanical and clinical studies over the last several decades. The knee is a complex joint with shifting contact points, pressures and axes that are affected when a ligament is injured. The ACL, as one of the intra-articular ligaments, has a strong influence on the resulting kinematics. Often, other meniscal or ligamentous injuries accompany ACL ruptures and further deteriorate the resulting kinematics and clinical outcomes. Knowing the surgical options, anatomic relations and current evidence to restore ACL function and considering the influence of concomitant injuries on resulting kinematics to restore full function can together help to achieve an optimal outcome.

4 comments

  • Jeanne T. 22.11.2020 at 22:20

    Request PDF | Biomechanics of knee ligaments: Injury, healing, and repair | Knee ligament injuries are common, particularly in sports and.

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  • Cinty H. 26.11.2020 at 06:52

    Knee ligament injuries are common, particularly in sports and sports related activities. Rupture of these ligaments upsets the balance between knee mobility and.

    Reply
  • Hotshoproril 27.11.2020 at 01:38

    Biomechanics of knee ligaments: injury, healing, and repair. Savio L.-Y. Knee ligament injuries are common, particularly in sports and sports related activities.

    Reply

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