File Name: compare and contrast science and technology .zip
Ancient Chinese scientists and engineers made significant scientific innovations, findings and technological advances across various scientific disciplines including the natural sciences , engineering , medicine , military technology , mathematics , geology and astronomy. Among the earliest inventions were the abacus , the sundial , and the Kongming lantern. The Tang dynasty AD — in particular was a time of great innovation. The Jesuit China missions of the 16th and 17th centuries introduced Western science and astronomy, then undergoing its own revolution, to China, and knowledge of Chinese technology was brought to Europe.
Posted by Amielle Major on Tuesday, March 27, Within STEM, adults and children are often confused about the differences between science and engineering, especially with regard to how the two connect in elementary school. Both subjects require students to manipulate and test materials, engage in arguments based on evidence and work in teams, but there are crucial differences between the two fields. These four questions can help you frame your explanation of the differences between engineering and science. Science is the body of knowledge that explores the physical and natural world.
Technology society and life or technology and culture refers to the inter-dependency, co-dependence , co-influence, and co-production of technology and society upon one another. Evidence for this synergy has been found since humanity first started using simple tools. The inter-relationship has continued as modern technologies such as the printing press and computers have helped shape society. The first scientific approach to this relationship occurred with the development of tektology , the "science of organization", in early twentieth century Imperial Russia. The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment.
end of the study. Table 2. Contrast between STS approach and textbook oriented programs in terms of application.
Science : Science refers to the process of exploring new knowledge methodically through observation and experiments. It focuses on ethical process of gathering data. In science the goal is achieved through corresponding scientific process. It is a continuous process of exploring knowledge. It is always useful.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Wind, water, and animal power, with their limitations of place and capacity, were supplemented and then replaced by the steam engine, which went on to power the factories of the industrial revolution. The railroad made it possible to move things and people quickly over great distances. The telegraph and, later, the telephone carried communications across the countryside.
It not only causes great confusion in conceptual content, but also very misleading in practice. In fact, science and technology are clearly distinguishable in both intension and extension. Science in general is the knowledge system with nature as its studying object plus society and even individuals , which is acquired through experimenting, reasoning, perfecting, etc. It also includes the process and institution of scientific activities.
History of technology , the development over time of systematic techniques for making and doing things.
The terms science and technology, are often pronounced in the same breath and used as synonyms, because they are closely intertwined, that their difference is many a time ignored. Science is all about acquiring knowledge of the natural phenomenon along with the reasons for such phenomenon, like Why the sky is blue? Why are leaves green? Why rainfall occurs? What are the colours of the rainbow? How do plants make their food?
The words science and technology can and often are used interchangeably. But the goal of science is the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake while the goal of technology is to create products that solve problems and improve human life. Simply put, technology is the practical application of science. Science from the Latin scientia knowledge is a system of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method , as well as the organized body of knowledge gained through such research. Science as defined here is sometimes termed pure science to differentiate it from applied science, which is the application of scientific research to specific human needs.
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