economic and nutritional value of fruit and vegetable crop pdf

Economic and nutritional value of fruit and vegetable crop pdf

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Key Factors in Vegetable Production

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Success in vegetable production whether it is organic or not is greatly depended on a well thought out plant. Key factors that should be considered carefully during the planning stage of the farming operation are: site selection, water supply and quality, crop and variety selection, and, market development. If the wrong decision is made with regard to anyone of these, the operation is doomed for failure. Minimizing potential production problems is essential to all farming operations. This is especially true for organic producers.

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Impact of socio-cultural and economic factors on vegetable consumption behaviours: case of Giresun province, Turkey. Many factors impact on food consumption behaviours. The aim of the study is to determine the impact of socio-demographic and ecological factors on vegetable consumption. A question questionnaire was applied on a voluntary basis to individuals who accepted to participate in the study.

Their socio-demographic attributes and the vegetable consumption habits of their families were determined. The two attributes of purchased vegetables with most demand are cleanliness It was observed that the amount of purchased vegetables increased with the increase in the budget allocated for vegetables.

Keywords: budget; culture; food; habit; vegetables. Vegetables play a crucial role in human diet due to the amount of vitamin, carbohydrate, fat, protein, and mineral substances they contain. Their nutritional advantage is that they offer a high concentration of micronutrients and low contents of calories and fat.

Each region grows and consumes different types of vegetables because of ecological and geographical differences, the impact of national consumption culture, and social dimensions associated with the habits the society gained over time. Assessing food consumption is complex due to the various factors involved Maciel et al.

A healthy and balanced diet is one of the main factors for a peaceful and happy life. Correspondingly, with the development of social life, people's eating habits has begun to change, and consequently the consumption of traditional products has decreased, while the consumption of fast food products has been increasing steadily. It is indicated that over time this type of diet may cause cancer and chronic diseases in humans.

It is stated that in these cases, the regular consumption of vegetables is highly beneficial to health and effective in reducing the risk of heart diseases, cancers, and chronic diseases Robertson et al. Owing to their low calories and fat content, and high contents of fibre, antioxidants, carotenoids, flavonoids, vitamins and photochemical substances, vegetables are remarkable in terms of health effects Marowa-Wilkerson et al.

Most vegetables contain substantial amounts of minerals, particularly calcium, iron, and potassium. On the grounds of these features, in recent years vegetable consumption has been frequently discussed in healthy and balanced diet programs on television and other means of communication. By virtue of its ecological advantages, Turkey is a country rich in vegetables, where more than 50 different types of vegetables are grown and wild herbs are vastly consumed.

Turkey has gained competitive advantage worldwide in the sector of fruit and vegetable-based products Crescimanno et al. In this region, the typical "temperate marine climate"" prevails, with multi-annual average rainfall of Because land structure is steep-rugged and mountains extend parallel to the sea, the vegetable production areas in the region have always been rather limited. Due to the fact that every season is rainy, the production of the edible vegetables, especially tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, melon and watermelon is constrained.

On the other hand, the humid, rainy, and cool summer season is seen as an advantage in terms of greens' production. During the cold seasons, greenhouse vegetables produced in the Southern part of the country and are sold in the markets. Although a great deal of vegetables is consumed, the variety is rather limited.

Ecological factors and food consumption culture have negatively affected vegetable production. In food consumption individuals are mostly influenced by cultural factors. Therefore, knowledge of consumer habits is essential in increasing and diversifying vegetable consumption. This study, aims to determine vegetable consumption habits of people living in giresun Province as well as investigating certain economic and sociological factors effecting these behaviours.

This is a descriptive study conducted in the central district of giresun. According to data from , the total population in the Province of giresun is , In the central district, where the study was conducted, the population is ,, and the average number of people per household is 4. No particular sampling method was used in the study. Overall, individuals living in giresun city centre were approached randomly and asked to take part in the study.

Only of them agreed to participate. Data were collected applying a questionnaire consisting of 14 questions regarding participants' socio-demographic background, their vegetable consumption habits and behaviours, and the factors affecting them. The data were analysed using the SPSS software.

Percentage distribution was used to analyse the socio-demographic features of the participants. This study investigated vegetable consumption habits of people living in giresun and how these habits are affected by factors such as participant's age, education level, profession, income level, expenses, places where vegetables are bought, and attributes of vegetables that are sought after.

As for income levels, Participants' average monthly budget for vegetable consumption is Daily vegetable consumption is The lowest and the highest daily consumption of vegetables among the participants is 59 g and g, respectively.

Clique para ampliar. Information on the stores that participants regularly bought vegetables is given in Table 2. More than half of the participants However, the rate of those who buy vegetables these markets along with other types of stores and shopping areas is The attributes that the respondents normally pay attention while buying vegetables demanded attributes , are presented in Table 3 in order of priority.

This table shows that the first most important attribute considered by the respondents is the cleanliness of the vegetables purchased. Of the participants, pay attention primarily to cleanliness. Of the desired attributes of the vegetables purchased, cleanliness ranked 1 st receiving a score of , followed by freshness with a score of The second most significant attribute selected was freshness of the vegetables, which was indicated as the first three preference choices with the rate of Along with cleanliness and freshness, seasonality, cheapness, and attractiveness are respectively listed as desired attributes.

Among the demanded attributes for the purchased vegetables, cheapness and seasonality are indicated among the first three choices with the ratio of 7. In addition, seasonality received twice as much score than cheapness. In terms of the preferred vegetable attributes, attractiveness, which ranked last, had a ratio of only The increase in monthly vegetable budget is positively associated with the increase in the income level.

This table demonstrates that there is a difference of The present study also investigated the relationship between the monthly income and the maximum price allocated for 1 kg of vegetables Table 5. That is to say, the increase in monthly budget per 1 kg of vegetable is positively associated with the increase in the income level.

There is also a difference of The number of people who reported a regular purchase of tomatoes is There is a positive relationship between the increase in the monthly budget and the amount of vegetable purchased. The amount of the monthly budget allocated to vegetables is positively associated with the purchased amount of Tomatoes, Pepper, Cucumber, Kale, Aubergine, Lettuce, Onion and Fresh Beans.

Potatoes are the only vegetables that did not exhibit type of behaviour; data analysis indicates a negative relationship between the amount of potatoes purchased and monthly income. Another interesting aspect of the data presented in Table 6 is the significance of changes in the purchase of eggplant. This study evaluated vegetable consumption behaviours of individuals living in the giresun Province of Turkey and the socio-economic factors affecting these behaviours.

It was found that food shopping is mostly done by women. This is in line with Turkey's social cultural structure, in which women have the responsibility of buying the food.

The average daily vegetable consumption among the participants is For instance, in a research study conducted at a university in Ankara, located in central Anatolia, vegetable consumption of individuals was found to be lower, with male consumption of Local street markets are the most preferred places for vegetable shopping; Another factor influencing participants' vegetable consumption habits is cleanliness of the products bought and desire towards hygienic practices.

The analysis of the data suggests that the awareness of food hygiene is significantly high, which is in agreement with the findings of Sarikaya , who found that the most important factors affecting store choice when buying organic products are cleanliness and hygiene. Attractiveness and cheapness have not been considered as a priority, which could be due to low public awareness. Vegetable accessibility in terms their place of residence, which affects the price of the vegetables, has also proved influential on vegetable consumption Kamphuis et al.

This study has also found a positive relationship between the money spent on vegetables and income. However, the price paid for fruits and vegetables increases in higher income groups Estaquio et al. In terms of the maximum price that can be paid for one kilo of vegetables, there is a difference of It can be argued that the more money people earn, the more willing they become to pay more for both the amount and the variety of vegetables.

It is a generally accepted fact that a healthy diet consists of generous quantity and choices of vegetables. Similarly, in their study, Shahar et al. It is observed that the amount of vegetables consumed changes according to the monthly budget allocated to purchase vegetables. People have mostly chosen to purchase tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, kale, and onions for vegetable consumption.

The reason tomatoes come in first in vegetable consumption is that they are widely used in salads and vegetable dishes. The habit of eating salads every day also increases the consumption of cucumber and pepper. Another important vegetable in the region is the kale. Kale consumption is culturally higher in the region. Although white cabbage production in Turkey is about 5 times higher than that of kale Turkey, , monthly consumption of white cabbage is 1.

It is important to mention that most results of the standard deviation were observed in the consumption of potatoes. In families with low income, potato is seen as a as a staple food. As the number of the family members increases, potato consumption also increases.

However, potato consumption is negatively associated with the increase in the income. It would not be correct to state that less vegetable consumption is a sign of a low income because low vegetable consumption is considered as a more complex problem with the combined effect of several factors such as motivation, psychology, or lifestyle. Therefore, providing consumers with information about the energy, vitamin, and mineral content and recommended intake of vegetables is considered to be highly beneficial Steptoe et al.

Moreover, people should be motivated to increase their intake of vegetables for a healthier diet Dibsdall et al.

This study investigated how the vegetable consumption habits of individuals are shaped by their socio-cultural and economic background.

Key Factors in Vegetable Production

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Check out this guest post from Horticulture graduate student Morgan Gramlich as she shares results from a study she performed this past year with value-added products from farmer's markets! The purpose of this study was to determine if it is economically feasible to develop value-added products from farmers market surplus. Our goal was to use value added product development as a way to reduce food waste while increasing revenue for produce vendors. The data collected was used to determine if it was possible to develop products from the surplus produce at a small farmers market in Arkansas and to assess economic feasibity of these product development efforts. The Original Rogers Farmers Market had about 20 vendors from Arkansas and Oklahoma, and of these vendors sold produce in any given week. Produce was collected on market days Wednesdays and Saturdays for fourteen weeks Jun 1-Sept 5 during the market season. At the end of every market, surplus produce was collected from vendors.

Vegetable farming , growing of vegetable crops, primarily for use as human food. The term vegetable in its broadest sense refers to any kind of plant life or plant product; in the narrower sense, as used in this article, however, it refers to the fresh, edible portion of a herbaceous plant consumed in either raw or cooked form. The edible portion may be a root, such as rutabaga, beet , carrot , and sweet potato ; a tuber or storage stem, such as potato and taro; the stem, as in asparagus and kohlrabi; a bud, such as brussels sprouts ; a bulb, such as onion and garlic ; a petiole or leafstalk, such as celery and rhubarb ; a leaf, such as cabbage , lettuce , parsley , spinach , and chive ; an immature flower, such as cauliflower , broccoli , and artichoke ; a seed, such as pea and lima bean ; the immature fruit, such as eggplant , cucumber , and sweet corn maize ; or the mature fruit , such as tomato and pepper. The popular distinction between vegetable and fruit is difficult to uphold. In general, those plants or plant parts that are usually consumed with the main course of a meal are popularly regarded as vegetables, while those mainly used as desserts are considered fruits. This distinction is applied in this article. Thus, cucumber and tomato, botanically fruits, since they are the portion of the plant containing seeds, are commonly regarded as vegetables.

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Impact of socio-cultural and economic factors on vegetable consumption behaviours: case of Giresun province, Turkey. Many factors impact on food consumption behaviours. The aim of the study is to determine the impact of socio-demographic and ecological factors on vegetable consumption. A question questionnaire was applied on a voluntary basis to individuals who accepted to participate in the study.

This article summarizes three kinds of evidence pointing toward declines during the last 50 to years in the concentration of some nutrients in vegetables and perhaps also in fruits available in the United States and the United Kingdom. It has been noted since the s that yield increases produced by fertilization, irrigation, and other environmental means tend to decrease the concentrations of minerals in plants. Citations to the review are diverse, involving in descending order , grains, fruits and vegetables, trees and shrubs, legumes, pasture plants, and flowers. The most commonly cited fruits and vegetables are tomatoes, potatoes, taro, onions, peppers, and berries.

Arkansas Fruit, Vegetable and Nut Update

 Dejame entrar! - закричал Беккер, пробуя открыть запертую дверцу машины. Водитель отказался его впустить. Машина была оплачена человеком в очках в тонкой металлической оправе, и он должен был его дождаться.

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И, что, на взгляд Хейла, было еще хуже, влюбилась в университетского профессора, который к тому же зарабатывал сущие гроши. Очень жаль, если она истратит свой превосходный генетический заряд, произведя потомство от этого выродка, - а ведь могла бы предпочесть его, Грега. У нас были бы красивые дети, - подумал. - Чем ты занята? - спросил Хейл, пробуя иной подход. Сьюзан ничего не ответила.


  • Sharon P. 13.11.2020 at 04:01

    middle-income countries. 5. China accounts for 45% of the global value. of vegetable production and 24% of fruit production (FAO, ).

  • Kerstin E. 13.11.2020 at 14:45

    PDF | Vegetables are a major source of dietary micronutrients, but abiotic and biotic constraints limit vegetable production and consumption in.

  • Elisea G. 14.11.2020 at 12:46

    Food is any substance [1] consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.

  • Talmofacli 21.11.2020 at 03:49

    Sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables has been associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases and body weight management but the exact mechanism is unknown.

  • Rachel G. 21.11.2020 at 07:47

    Isaac Kojo Arah, Gerald K.


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