File Name: colonialism and nationalism in india .zip
Colonialism and nationalism consist of linked sets of diverse projects that construct colonies, nations, and the relations among them. A handful were imperial powers that commanded or settled other territories. Most are former colonies that have now attained independence. Childhood and children appear in colonial and nationalist projects in several ways. Debates about colonial and national identities, the legitimacy of colonial rule or national independence, the boundaries of colonies and nations, and relationships between the colonized and the colonizers and among nations frequently turn on claims regarding the character of childhood, categories of children, the well-being of children, and modes of childrearing. Efforts to create colonial or national cultures commonly involve projects such as schools in which it is imagined that the identities of children may be formed.
Indian nationalism has often been seen as an exemplar of the nationalisms of colonial subjects struggling to be free—but with one striking difference. It was, in this sense, a movement not only profoundly ambitious but also, in critically important ways, unique. Yet paradoxically, the very breadth of its scope circumscribed its modalities and constrained its programmes. Keywords: Colonial institutions , social reform , liberalism , colonial public sphere , Congress , regional , religious and cultural nationalisms , swadeshi , Gandhi , non-cooperation , Jinnah , partition. She is the editor of the journal Modern Asian Studies. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase.
Indian nationalism developed as a concept during the Indian independence movement which campaigned for independence from British rule. Indian nationalism is an instance of territorial nationalism , which is inclusive of all of the people of India, despite their diverse ethnic, linguistic and religious backgrounds. It continues to strongly influence the politics of India and reflects an opposition to the sectarian strands of Hindu nationalism and Muslim nationalism. India has been unified under many emperors and governments in history. Ancient texts mention India under emperor Bharata and Akhand Bharat , these regions roughly form the entities of modern-day greater India. India's concept of nationhood is based not merely on territorial extent of its sovereignty. Nationalistic sentiments and expression encompass that India's ancient history,  as the birthplace of the Indus Valley Civilization and Vedic Civilization , as well as four major world religions — Hinduism , Buddhism , Jainism and Sikhism.
As one of the first anti-colonial movements of the twentieth century, the Indian struggle for independence has attracted a vast and rich historiography. Much of this has been focused within the boundaries of India. This article adds a transnational dimension by examining Indian anti-colonial activism in exile.
Ethnonational Identities pp Cite as. As a form of identity, Hindu nationalism has a significance and meaning which has been ferociously contested in Indian politics. That is, if it is acknowledged as meaningful at all. This line of argument states that only communalism — the mutual antagonism of different communities — can adequately describe the projections of religious or quasi-religious identity which have come increasingly to dominate the political landscape in India.
In this book, the prominent theorist Partha Chatterjee looks at the creative and powerful results of the nationalist imagination in Asia and Africa that are posited not on identity but on difference with the nationalism propagated by the West. Arguing that scholars have been mistaken in equating political nationalism with nationalism as such, he shows how anticolonialist nationalists produced their own domain of sovereignty within colonial society well before beginning their political battle with the imperial power. These nationalists divided their culture into material and spiritual domains, and staked an early claim to the spiritual sphere, represented by religion, caste, women and the family, and peasants. Chatterjee shows how middle-class elites first imagined the nation into being in this spiritual dimension and then readied it for political contest, all the while "normalizing" the aspirations of the various marginal groups that typify the spiritual sphere. While Chatterjee's specific examples are drawn from Indian sources, with a copious use of Bengali language materials, the book is a contribution to the general theoretical discussion on nationalism and the modern state. Examining the paradoxes involved with creating first a uniquely non-Western nation in the spiritual sphere and then a universalist nation-state in the material sphere, the author finds that the search for a postcolonial modernity is necessarily linked with past struggles against modernity.
According to some, like Christophe Jaffrelot , Hindu nationalism has existed as a specific trend since the late 19 th century, and crystallized in the interwar period around the two distinct but ideologically close organizations of the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha. Others, such as Peter Van der Veer , see less of a distinction between these two trends, a difference in degree rather than in essence. Focusing on the United Provinces, the most populous province in India and the one which became the main Congress stronghold after , Gould proposes to renew the subject through the use of theoretical tools that have been little used by historians of Indian nationalism. He defines the object of his inquiry, not as discourse, but as a set of languages used by political operators belonging to the Congress Party.
How did less than two thousand British officials rule an Indian population of three hundred million? Why did the words gymkhana, bungalow and shampoo enter the English language? What was the significance of the British constructing clock towers in numerous Indian towns and cities?
Histories written in the aftermath of empire have often featured conquerors and peasant rebels but have said little about the vast staffs of locally recruited clerks, technicians, teachers, and medics who made colonialism work day-to-day. Even as these workers maintained the colonial state, they dreamed of displacing imperial power. This book examines the history of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and the Republic of Sudan that followed in order to understand how colonialism worked on the ground, affected local cultures, influenced the rise of nationalism, and shaped the postcolonial nation-state. Relying on a rich cache of Sudanese Arabic literary sources, including poetry, essays, and memoirs, as well as on colonial documents and photographs, this perceptive study examines colonialism from the viewpoint of those who lived and worked in its midst. By integrating the case of Sudan with material on other countries, particularly India, Sharkey gives her book broad comparative appeal.
Это не смешно, Чед. Заместитель директора только что солгал директорской канцелярии. Я хочу знать. Бринкерхофф уже пожалел, что не дал ей спокойно уйти домой. Телефонный разговор со Стратмором взбесил. После истории с Попрыгунчиком всякий раз, когда Мидж казалось, что происходит что-то подозрительное, она сразу же превращалась из кокетки в дьявола, и, пока не выясняла все досконально, ничто не могло ее остановить.
И вы послали туда Дэвида Беккера? - Сьюзан все еще не могла прийти в. - Он даже не служит у. Стратмор был поражен до глубины души. Никто никогда не позволял себе говорить с заместителем директора АНБ в таком тоне. - Сьюзан, - проговорил он, стараясь сдержать раздражение, - в этом как раз все. Мне было нужно… Но тигрица уже изготовилась к прыжку.
Сьюзан почувствовала, что у нее сводит желудок.