File Name: biodiversity conservation and sustainable use form.zip
Existence of huge diversity of life forms is key feature of the blue planet. All the life forms ranging from bacteria to plants or animals play important roles on the only celestial body known to harbor life in the universe. These life forms are in dynamic relationship with one another. It is impossible for any life form to survive on earth without the direct or indirect support of other organisms.
First, I used the North. Biodiversity can refer to the total number of diverse organisms on earth, or the different level of biological organization. The diversity of animals is much more than the diversity of plants because the animals are mobile and move from one place to another. SET Applicants can solve the past year papers for best Test preparations. Spread of disease D. This review introduces the subjects of bacterial biodiversity and biogeography.
Covering an area of some million hectares, around 10 per cent of the planet's tropical rainforest is to be found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The forests form part of the Congo Basin rainforest, the second largest contiguous expanse of rainforest in the world. They boast an unparalleled variety of flora and fauna, including endangered species such as elephants, okapis, gorillas and bonobos. The forests also play a key role in stabilising the global climate and provide a livelihood for a significant proportion of the country's 80 million inhabitants. The forest resources are under threat from progressive destruction and degradation, even in protected areas such as the Kahuzi-Biega and Lomami National Parks in eastern Congo. High population growth, poverty, and a lack of alternative sources of income are at the root of this trend.
Conserving biodiversity outside the areas where they naturally occur is known as ex situ conservation. Here, animals and plants are reared or cultivated in areas like zoological or botanical parks. Reintroduction of an animal or plant into the habitat from where it has become extinct is another form of ex situ conservation. For example, the Gangetic gharial has been reintroduced in the rivers of Uttar Pradesh , Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan where it had become extinct. Seedbanks, botanical, horticultural and recreational gardens are important centres for ex situ conservation. Conserving the animals and plants in their natural habitats is known as in situ conservation. This includes the establishment of.
For many of the people living in these regions, these natural resources form the very basis of their existence. Conserving this natural wealth is therefore a crucial condition for successfully reducing global poverty. The conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity and equitable sharing of benefits derived from biodiversity is a cross-cutting issue within Germany development cooperation.
Canadians recognize the need to maintain a healthy environment and are concerned about the degradation of ecosystems and the loss of species and genetic diversity which result from human activities. The Government of Canada, with support from provincial and territorial governments, signed and ratified the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity in , believing it to be a very important global and national instrument for promoting and guiding efforts to conserve biodiversity to use biological resources sustainably. As soon as the Convention was ratified, work on a Canadian Biodiversity Strategy began to determine the measures which were required to meet the obligations of the Convention and to enhance coordination of national efforts aimed at the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of biological resources. The primary responsibility for conserving biodiversity and ensuring the sustainable use of biological resources is shared among provincial, territorial and federal governments. Therefore, an intergovernmental Biodiversity Working Group, with representation from every jurisdiction, was established to develop the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy by the end of
With 2. A growing human population, rapid economic growth and industrialisation add pressure to India's biodiversity.
Biodiversity is the biological variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is typically a measure of variation at the genetic , species , and ecosystem level. Rapid environmental changes typically cause mass extinctions. The age of the Earth is about 4. There are microbial mat fossils found in 3.
The convention has three main goals: the conservation of biological diversity or biodiversity ; the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources. Its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity , and it is often seen as the key document regarding sustainable development. The convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June and entered into force on 29 December It has two supplementary agreements, the Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol.
UNV works in countries and territories, deploying UN Volunteers to advance sustainable development at grassroots level.
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