late life alcohol consumption and 20 year mortality pdf writer

Late life alcohol consumption and 20 year mortality pdf writer

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Annals of Oncology

BioMed Research International

Disease and Injury Conditions Associated With Alcohol Use

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Charlotte Onland-Moret, Petra H. Peeters, Yvonne T. Grobbee, Carla H. Breast cancer risk increases with increased levels of alcohol consumption, potentially through an effect on sex hormone levels. Alcohol intake was calculated from a food frequency questionnaire.

Annals of Oncology , the journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology and the Japanese Society of Medical Oncology, provides rapid and efficient peer-review publications on innovative cancer treatments or translational work related to oncology and precision medicine. Main focuses of interest include: systemic anticancer therapy with specific interest on molecular targeted agents and new immune therapies , randomized trials including negatives ones , top-level guidelines, and new fields currently emerging as key components of personalized medicine, such as molecular pathology, bioinformatics, modern statistics, and biotechnologies. Radiotherapy, surgery and pediatrics manuscripts can be considered if they display a clear interaction with one of the fields above or are paradigm-shifting. With a large international editorial board of experts who are leaders in their fields, Annals of Oncology aims at delivering the best communication on the fast moving, and continually evolving, global oncology landscape. Elsevier working with researchers like you to build an understanding of the knowledge base related to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. In partnership with the communities we serve; we redouble our deep commitment to inclusion and diversity within our editorial, author and reviewer networks.

The aim of this meta-analysis was to comprehensively evaluate the association of early age at natural menopause with the risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Literature retrieval was done on August 4, Article selection and data extraction were completed independently and in duplicate. Sixteen articles involving , women were meta-analyzed. Subgroup analyses indicated that gender, country, and follow-up periods were possible causes of heterogeneity.

Annals of Oncology

The long-term heavy consumption of alcohol alcohol use disorder can cause severe detrimental effects. In addition, damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system e. The long-term use of alcohol is capable of damaging nearly every organ and system in the body. The inverse relation in Western cultures between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease has been known for over years. Negative effects include increased risk of liver diseases , oropharyngeal cancer , esophageal cancer and pancreatitis.

The quality and quantity of individuals' social relationships has been linked not only to mental health but also to both morbidity and mortality. This meta-analytic review was conducted to determine the extent to which social relationships influence risk for mortality, which aspects of social relationships are most highly predictive, and which factors may moderate the risk. Data were extracted on several participant characteristics, including cause of mortality, initial health status, and pre-existing health conditions, as well as on study characteristics, including length of follow-up and type of assessment of social relationships. This finding remained consistent across age, sex, initial health status, cause of death, and follow-up period. The influence of social relationships on risk for mortality is comparable with well-established risk factors for mortality. PLoS Med 7 7 : e This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

The clinical and legal implications regarding the association between the antibiotics exposure and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus reported from a population from the United Kingdom 1 requires more research because of its magnitude and significance for the health system, patients, and physician. This noncausal association demands a concerted effort to determine whether the antibiotics may induce the development of diabetes. Furthermore, similar results were observed in a Danish population 2. Therefore, this scenario proposes the development of new hypotheses; the prolonged exposure to antibiotics affects the environment of the gut microbiota. The changes in gut microbiota may influence the metabolic pathways related to the pathogenesis of components of metabolic syndromes such as obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemias, and diabetes. Another proposed mechanism is an increased permeability of the intestinal epithelium that may lead to increased absorption of macromolecules from the intestinal content, resulting in systemic immune responses, low-grade inflammation, and altered signaling pathways influencing lipid and glucose metabolism 5. Epidemiological studies have established that the composition of the gut microbiota differs in patients with type 2 diabetes dysbiotic gut microbiota , and the composition of the microbiota is influenced by ethnicity, environmental factors such as diet, and intake of medication 5.

BioMed Research International

If you need alcohol treatment while practicing physical distancing, there are several professionally led treatment and mutual-support group options available to you. Emerging Trend—High-Intensity Drinking: High-intensity drinking is defined as consuming alcohol at levels that are two or more times the gender-specific binge drinking thresholds See glossary for additional details about the definition of high-intensity drinking. Compared with people who did not binge drink, people who drank alcohol at twice the gender-specific binge drinking thresholds were 70 times more likely to have an alcohol-related emergency department ED visit, and those who consumed alcohol at 3 times the gender-specific binge thresholds were 93 times more likely to have an alcohol-related ED visit. This number includes 9.

Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Review Free to read. Late adolescence ie, years of age is a period characterized by escalation of drinking and alcohol use problems for many and by the onset of an alcohol use disorder for some. This heightened period of vulnerability is a joint consequence of the continuity of risk from earlier developmental stages and the unique neurologic, cognitive, and social changes that occur in late adolescence.

Annals of Oncology

Alcohol consumption, particularly heavier drinking, is an important risk factor for many health problems and, thus, is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. In fact, alcohol is a necessary underlying cause for more than 30 conditions and a contributing factor to many more. The most common disease categories that are entirely or partly caused by alcohol consumption include infectious diseases, cancer, diabetes, neuropsychiatric diseases including alcohol use disorders , cardiovascular disease, liver and pancreas disease, and unintentional and intentional injury.

Disease and Injury Conditions Associated With Alcohol Use

Print version. Alcohol is the drug of choice among youth. Many young people are experiencing the consequences of drinking too much, at too early an age. As a result, underage drinking is a leading public health problem in this country. Each year, approximately 5, young people under the age of 21 die as a result of underage drinking; this includes about 1, deaths from motor vehicle crashes, 1, as a result of homicides, from suicide, as well as hundreds from other injuries such as falls, burns, and drownings 1—5.

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Long-term effects of alcohol

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  • Hardlooretlo 14.11.2020 at 23:47

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  • Shasa P. 17.11.2020 at 06:21

    In addition to these disease risks that affect the drinker, alcohol consumption also identified as an important risk factor for illness, disability, and mortality (Rehm et al. drinking more than 40 grams of pure alcohol per day for men and 20 grams of Thus, AUDs account for million years of life lost to disability (​YLDs).

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