trusted computing and trusted platform module pdf

Trusted computing and trusted platform module pdf

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Complexity in Deep Neural Networks

Trusted Platform Module

Trusted Computing — Special Aspects and Challenges

Complexity in Deep Neural Networks

The advent of e-commerce, e-government, and the rapid expansion of world-wide connectivity demands end-user systems that adhere to well-defined security policies. The TCG has published a set of specifications for extending conventional computer architectures with a variety of security-related features and cryptographic mechanisms. The TCG approach has not only been subject of research but also public debates and concerns. Currently, several prominent academic and industrial research projects are investigating trustworthy IT systems based on TC, virtualization technology, and secure operating system design.

Complexity in Deep Neural Networks

It consisted of three parts, based on their purpose. Its latest edition was released on September 29, , with several errata with the latest one being dated on January 8, Pushing the security down to the hardware level provides more protection than a software-only solution. The primary scope of TPM is to assure the integrity of a platform. In this context, "integrity" means "behave as intended", and a "platform" is any computer device regardless of its operating system.

It is to ensure that the boot process starts from a trusted combination of hardware and software, and continues until the operating system has fully booted and applications are running. The responsibility of assuring said integrity using TPM is with the firmware and the operating system. These metrics can be used to detect changes to previous configurations and decide how to proceed. See below. It could remotely attest that a computer is using the specified hardware and software.

Full disk encryption utilities, such as dm-crypt and BitLocker , can use this technology to protect the keys used to encrypt the computer's storage devices and provide integrity authentication for a trusted boot pathway that includes firmware and boot sector. Operating systems often require authentication involving a password or other means to protect keys, data or systems.

If the authentication mechanism is implemented in software only, the access is prone to dictionary attacks. Since TPM is implemented in a dedicated hardware module, a dictionary attack prevention mechanism was built in, which effectively protects against guessing or automated dictionary attacks, while still allowing the user a sufficient and reasonable number of tries.

Without this level of protection, only passwords with high complexity would provide sufficient protection. Other uses exist, some of which give rise to privacy concerns. The "physical presence" feature of TPM addresses some of these concerns by requiring BIOS-level confirmation for operations such as activating, deactivating, clearing or changing ownership of TPM by someone who is physically present at the console of the machine.

Starting in , many new laptops have been sold with a built-in TPM chip. In the future, this concept could be co-located on an existing motherboard chip in computers, or any other device where the TPM facilities could be employed, such as a cellphone. There are five different types of TPM 2. In , Intel open-sourced its Trusted Platform Module 2.

It contains additional files to complete the implementation. While TPM 2. TPM 2. The TPM 2. It adds authorization based on an asymmetric digital signature, indirection to another authorization secret, counters and time limits, NVRAM values, a particular command or command parameters, and physical presence.

It permits the ANDing and ORing of these authorization primitives to construct complex authorization policies. TCG has faced resistance to the deployment of this technology in some areas, where some authors see possible uses not specifically related to Trusted Computing , which may raise privacy concerns. The original TrueCrypt developers were of the opinion that the exclusive purpose of the TPM is "to protect against attacks that require the attacker to have administrator privileges, or physical access to the computer".

The attacker who has physical or administrative access to a computer can circumvent TPM, e. As such, the condemning text goes so far as to claim that TPM is entirely redundant. In , as part of the Snowden revelations , it was revealed that in a US CIA team claimed at an internal conference to have carried out a differential power analysis attack against TPMs that was able to extract secrets.

In , a design flaw in the TPM 2. It allows an adversary to reset and forge platform configuration registers which are designed to securely hold measurements of software that are used for bootstrapping a computer. In case of physical access, computers with TPM are vulnerable to cold boot attacks as long as the system is on or can be booted without a passphrase from shutdown or hibernation , which is the default setup for Windows computers with BitLocker full disk encryption.

In October , it was reported that a code library developed by Infineon , which had been in widespread use in its TPMs, contained a vulnerability, known as ROCA, which generated weak RSA key pairs that allowed private keys to be inferred from public keys. As a result, all systems depending upon the privacy of such weak keys are vulnerable to compromise, such as identity theft or spoofing.

Cryptosystems that store encryption keys directly in the TPM without blinding could be at particular risk to these types of attacks, as passwords and other factors would be meaningless if the attacks can extract encryption secrets. Infineon has released firmware updates for its TPMs to manufacturers who have used them. There are also hybrid types; for example, TPM can be integrated into an Ethernet controller, thus eliminating the need for a separate motherboard component.

The Trusted Platform Module 2. Currently, there are several such open-source TPM 2. Some of them also support TPM 1. This way the user has more control over the TPM operations, however the complexity is high. There is currently only one stack that follows the TCG specification.

The other stacks have accompanying attestation servers or directly include examples for attestation. As seen from the table, the TPM stacks abstract the operating system and transport layer, so the user could migrate one application between platforms.

The increasing topic of computer security and especially hardware backed security made the potential use of TPM popular among developers and users. There are currently at least two developer communities around using a TPM. This community [90] has a forum-like platform for sharing information and asking questions. In the platform one could find articles and video tutorials from community members and guests. There is a regular weekly online call.

Specific focus is put on Remote Attestation and trusted applications. This community [91] is centered around the use of TPM with the tpm2-tss library. The community engages in developing and other tpm2 related software that can be found at their GitHub account. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: ROCA vulnerability. International Organization for Standardization.

May Trusted Computing Group. March 1, October 1, Retrieved April 21, June 1, However, on devices where a hardware source of entropy is available, a PRNG need not be implemented. There is no need to distinguish between the two at the TCG specification level. Retrieved October 27, Archived from the original on August 3, US Department of Defense. March 14, Retrieved December 19, Retrieved December 18, Retrieved May 31, Trusted computing platforms: TCPA technology in context.

Prentice Hall. Retrieved June 12, Retrieved October 1, September 23, Microsoft Docs. October 13, TrueCrypt Foundation. February 7, July 2, January 30, Archived from the original on January 30, Retrieved August 10, Archived from the original on February 12, The Intercept. Archived PDF from the original on August 20, Bleeping Computer.

Archived from the original on October 7, Retrieved September 28, F-Secure Blog. Archived from the original on September 28, Ars Technica.

Retrieved March 19, So Fix It". PC World. January 20,

Trusted Platform Module

The Trusted Computing Group TCG was formed to develop, define, and promote open, vendor-neutral, global industry standards for interoperable Trusted Computing platforms. TCG conducts regular seminars and demonstrations to assist fellow industry stakeholders in their quest for IoT security. The upcoming Brighttalk sponsored by TCG is committed to fostering this educational spirit. The two speakers will present a broad picture that highlights the urgent need for security in the global IoT business, and will demonstrate a highly effective technological approach to safeguarding intellectual property from piracy, reverse engineering, and tampering. CodeMeter from Wibu-Systems encrypts software code and creates secure licenses that can be bound to a secure element in the target system. The software would then run only on the designated machine, device, or embedded system and provide the functionalities associated with the license, safe from any sort of hacking.

With the increasing day-to-day acceptance of IOT computing, the issues related to it are also getting more attention. The users can store their confidential data at IOT storage and can access them anytime when they need. The prevention of this risk is a big research issue and it needs to be solved. There is a need for trusted IOT computing in recent times to provide trusted services. Here, we propose the integration of TPM in IOT computing to performs cryptographic operations and provide hardware-based security. In this domain, different schemes and methods have been proposed to build trust in IOT computing, but the suitable solution has not been presented by these schemes because these schemes lack in terms of some security services. A comparative study based on trusted computing schemes has also been presented in this paper along with different implementations of critical analysis.

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. In this book the authors first describe the background of trusted platforms and trusted computing and speculate about the future. They then describe the technical features and architectures of trusted platforms from several different perspectives, finally explaining second-generation TPMs, including a technical description intended to supplement the Trusted Computing Group's TPM2 specifications. The intended audience is IT managers and engineers and graduate students in information security. His research interests include information security, networking and mobile communications. She has developed a number of well-known cryptographic schemes, some of which were designed for and are implemented in the TPM.

TPM (Trusted Platform Module) is a computer chip (microcontroller) that can securely store artifacts used to authenticate the platform (your PC or laptop).

Trusted Computing — Special Aspects and Challenges

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It consisted of three parts, based on their purpose. Its latest edition was released on September 29, , with several errata with the latest one being dated on January 8, Pushing the security down to the hardware level provides more protection than a software-only solution. The primary scope of TPM is to assure the integrity of a platform. In this context, "integrity" means "behave as intended", and a "platform" is any computer device regardless of its operating system.

It consisted of three parts, based on their purpose. Its latest edition was released on September 29, , with several errata with the latest one being dated on January 8, Pushing the security down to the hardware level provides more protection than a software-only solution. The primary scope of TPM is to assure the integrity of a platform. In this context, "integrity" means "behave as intended", and a "platform" is any computer device regardless of its operating system.

Complexity in Deep Neural Networks

 - Я попросил Фонтейна передать его наследникам Танкадо.  - Он взял ее руку и натянул что-то на палец. - Лжец, - засмеялась Сьюзан, открывая.  - Я же угада… - Но она замолкла на полуслове. На ее пальце было не кольцо Танкадо. Это было другое кольцо - платиновое, с крупным сверкающим бриллиантом.

Она оказалась права, но никогда не подозревала насколько. - Вы заплатили ему десять тысяч долларов? - Она повысила голос.  - Это грязный трюк. - Трюк? - Теперь уже Стратмор не мог скрыть свое раздражение.  - Это вовсе не трюк. Да я вообще слова ему не сказал о деньгах. Я попросил оказать мне личную услугу.

Через тридцать секунд она уже сидела за его столом и изучала отчет шифровалки. - Видишь? - спросил Бринкерхофф, наклоняясь над ней и показывая цифру.  - Это СЦР.

Trusted Computing and the Trusted Platform Module: What All the Fuss Is About


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