importance of soil and water conservation pdf

Importance of soil and water conservation pdf

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Soil and Water Conservation Measures for Agricultural Sustainability

Soil conservation

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Soil and Water Conservation

Soil conservation is the prevention of loss of the top most layer of the soil from erosion or prevention of reduced fertility caused by over usage, acidification , salinization or other chemical soil contamination. Slash-and-burn and other unsustainable methods of subsistence farming are practiced in some lesser developed areas. A sequel to the deforestation is typically large scale erosion , loss of soil nutrients and sometimes total desertification. Techniques for improved soil conservation include crop rotation , cover crops , conservation tillage and planted windbreaks , affect both erosion and fertility.

Soil and Water Conservation Measures for Agricultural Sustainability

It discusses in detail soil conservation topics in relation to soil productivity, environment quality, and agronomic production. It addresses the implications of soil erosion with emphasis on global hotspots and synthesizes available from developed and developing countries. It also critically reviews information on no-till management, organic farming, crop residue management for industrial uses, conservation buffers e.

This book uniquely addresses the global issues including carbon sequestration, net emissions of CO2, and erosion as a sink or source of C under different scenarios of soil management. It also deliberates the implications of the projected global warming on soil erosion and vice versa. The concern about global food security in relation to soil erosion and strategies for confronting the remaining problems in soil management and conservation are specifically addressed.

The book is also useful for practitioners, extension agents, soil conservationists, and policymakers as an important reference material. The mathematical descriptions for measuring erosion are clearly more appropriate for graduate students in the field ….

Summing Up: Recommended. Coyne, Choice, Vol. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide.

This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Principles of Soil Conservation and Management. Soil and Water Conservation. Pages Water Erosion. Wind Erosion. Modeling Water and Wind Erosion. Tillage Erosion. Biological Measures of Erosion Control. Cropping Systems. No-Till Farming. Buffer Strips. Mechanical Structures and Engineering Techniques. Soil Erosion Under Forests. Erosion on Grazing Lands. Nutrient Erosion and Hypoxia of Aquatic Ecosystems.

Restoration of Eroded and Degraded Soils. Soil Resilience and Conservation. Soil Conservation and Carbon Dynamics. Erosion Control and Soil Quality. Soil Erosion and Food Security. Climate Change and Soil Erosion Risks. The Way Forward. Back Matter Pages The book is intended as a resource for undergraduate and graduate students in soil science, agronomy, environmental sciences, agricultural engineering, hydrology, and natural resource management.

Franzluebbers, Vadose Zone Journal, Vol. Buy options.

Soil conservation

Soil and Water Conservation within the Watershed Management approach. Soil and water conservation are those activities at the local level which maintain or enhance the productive capacity of the land including soil, water and vegetation in areas prone to degradation through. These activities are to be selected and implemented according to the respective local conditions; i. Soil and water conservation is an integral part of Watershed Management. Although Watershed Management was formerly considered to be nearly synonymous with soil and water conservation, it goes far beyond it today, comprising a variety of further activities that attempt to improve the living conditions of the people living within the respective watershed e. Introducing soil and water conservation in the Gina River catchment may further the sustainable utilisation of natural resources for the benefit of local people as the overall goal of Watershed Management.

It discusses in detail soil conservation topics in relation to soil productivity, environment quality, and agronomic production. It addresses the implications of soil erosion with emphasis on global hotspots and synthesizes available from developed and developing countries. It also critically reviews information on no-till management, organic farming, crop residue management for industrial uses, conservation buffers e. This book uniquely addresses the global issues including carbon sequestration, net emissions of CO2, and erosion as a sink or source of C under different scenarios of soil management. It also deliberates the implications of the projected global warming on soil erosion and vice versa. The concern about global food security in relation to soil erosion and strategies for confronting the remaining problems in soil management and conservation are specifically addressed. The book is also useful for practitioners, extension agents, soil conservationists, and policymakers as an important reference material.

Cation exchange capacity CEC 2. The population of the world is dependent on land resource for food and other necessities. Soil and water resources conservation and management is important for the welfare of the people Lal, This, according to Angima et al. These processes of degradation contribute to the worsening poverty and further marginalization of rural people in sub-Saharan Africa.


Why Soil and Water Conservation? Soil and water are two important natural resources and the basic needs for agricultural production. In other words increase in agricultural production to feed the increasing population is only possible if there sufficient fertile land and water are available for farming.


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Limited natural resources are available on the planet under immense pressure due to the ever-increasing population and changing climate. Soil and water are fundamental natural resources for the agricultural production system. Anthropogenic and adverse natural activities are the major factors for the deterioration of natural resources. Among the various degradation processes, soil erosion is one of the serious threats for the deterioration of soil and water resources. In India, about

Soil and water are two important natural resources and the basic needs for agricultural production. During the last century it has been observed that the pressure of increasing population has led to degradation of these natural resources. In other words increase in agricultural production to feed the increasing population is only possible if there sufficient fertile land and water are available for farming. In India, out of million hectares of geographical area, 68 million hectares are critically degraded while million hectares are severely eroded. That's why soil and water should be given first priority from the conservation point of view and appropriate methods should be used to ensure their sustainability and future availability.

Metrics details. Soil erosion is among the foremost causes of declining soil resources in Ethiopia, which in turn affect agricultural productivity. To limit this problem, for the last two decades in Gumara watershed, soil and water conservation measures have been practiced through free labor community mass-mobilization. However, their effect on soil fertility has not been evaluated.

Soil conservation

It discusses in detail soil conservation topics in relation to soil productivity, environment quality, and agronomic production. It addresses the implications of soil erosion with emphasis on global hotspots and synthesizes available from developed and developing countries. It also critically reviews information on no-till management, organic farming, crop residue management for industrial uses, conservation buffers e.

Soil and Water Conservation

Soils are the fundamental resources enabling land to provide a wide array of benefits. Humans and wildlife alike rely on soils for the production of life-sustaining nourishment and shelter. Soil is important to society because it supports plants that supply food, fibers, life-saving drugs and other essentials and because it filters water and recycles wastes.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. S oil, water, air, and plants are vital natural resources that help to produce food and fiber for humans. They also maintain the ecosystems on which all life on Earth ultimately depends.

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