urbanization and its impact on environment pdf

Urbanization and its impact on environment pdf

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Urbanization

Advances in Meteorology

This paper discusses the influences on food and farming of an increasingly urbanized world and a declining ratio of food producers to food consumers. Urbanization has been underpinned by the rapid growth in the world economy and in the proportion of gross world product and of workers in industrial and service enterprises. Globally, agriculture has met the demands from this rapidly growing urban population, including food that is more energy-, land-, water- and greenhouse gas emission-intensive. But hundreds of millions of urban dwellers suffer under-nutrition. So the key issues with regard to agriculture and urbanization are whether the growing and changing demands for agricultural products from growing urban populations can be sustained while at the same time underpinning agricultural prosperity and reducing rural and urban poverty.

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Urbanization or urbanisation refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas , the decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas , and the ways in which societies adapt to this change. Although the two concepts are sometimes used interchangeably, urbanization should be distinguished from urban growth. Whereas urbanization refers to the proportion of the total national population living in areas classified as urban, urban growth strictly refers to the absolute number of people living in those areas. Urbanization is relevant to a range of disciplines, including urban planning , geography , sociology , architecture , economics , and public health. The phenomenon has been closely linked to modernization , industrialization , and the sociological process of rationalization. Therefore, urbanization can be quantified either in terms of the level of urban development relative to the overall population, or as the rate at which the urban proportion of the population is increasing.

In recent years, understanding the regional climate impact of LUCC has become a hot-discussed topic worldwide. Some studies have explored LUCC impact on regional climate in specific cities, provinces, or farming areas. However, the quick-urbanized areas, which are highly influenced by human activities, have the most severe land-use changes in developing countries, and their climatic impact cannot be ignored. This study aims to identify the impact of land-use change coupled with urbanization on regional temperature and precipitation in the metropolitan areas of middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in China by means of spatial analysis and numeric methods. Based on the exploration of land-use change and climate change during —, the impact of land-use transition from non-built-up area to built-up area on temperature and precipitation was analyzed. The results indicated that the land-use conversion has affected the regional temperature with an increasing effect in the study area, while the influence on precipitation was not so significant.

Urbanization

The promise of jobs and prosperity, among other factors, pulls people to cities. Half of the global population already lives in cities, and by two-thirds of the world's people are expected to live in urban areas. But in cities two of the most pressing problems facing the world today also come together: poverty and environmental degradation. Poor air and water quality, insufficient water availability, waste-disposal problems, and high energy consumption are exacerbated by the increasing population density and demands of urban environments. Strong city planning will be essential in managing these and other difficulties as the world's urban areas swell. All rights reserved. Threats Intensive urban growth can lead to greater poverty, with local governments unable to provide services for all people.

Land Use and Soil Resources pp Cite as. Cities are important driving forces in environmental trends as a consequence of the increase in the share of the global population that reside in urban areas and the large intensity of activities of urban dwellers. As the world continues to urbanize, however, humans have lost contact with soil and the services it provides to sustain life. A review of the literature shows that the ability of urban activities to influence the physical conditions and pollution levels in soils at a distance is increasing. Cities and urban processes have had dramatic but varying impacts on soil physical and biochemical properties and pollutant loads, all of which affect the life-supporting services of soils.

Advances in Meteorology

Human beings have become an increasingly powerful environmental force over the last 10, years. With the advent of agriculture 8, years ago, we began to change the land. The level and growth of urbanization differ considerably by region see Figure 1.

3 comments

  • Stephen D. 14.11.2020 at 14:44

    Urbanization or urbanisation refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas , the decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas , and the ways in which societies adapt to this change.

    Reply
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