signs and symptoms of dental caries pdf

Signs and symptoms of dental caries pdf

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WHAT ARE DENTAL CARIES? TREATMENTS, SIGNS, AND SYMPTOMS

Introduction

Retention of teeth into advanced age makes caries and periodontitis lifelong concerns.

Tooth decay is a disease that causes the destruction of enamel, which is the hard outer surface of a tooth. As tooth decay progresses, it can attack deeper layers of a tooth, leading to cavities. If a person does not receive treatment for tooth decay, it can lead to more issues with the teeth and mouth. However, some treatments can help prevent or stop the spread of tooth decay.

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The purpose of this manuscript is to discuss the current available methods to detect early lesions amenable to prevention. The current evidence-based caries understanding, based on biological concepts, involves new approaches in caries detection, assessment, and management that should include non-cavitated lesions. Even though the importance of management of non-cavitated NC lesions has been recognized since the early s, dental caries have been traditionally detected at the cavitation stage, and their management has focused strongly on operative treatment. Methods of detection of early carious lesions have received significant research attention over the last 20 years. The most common method of caries detection is visual-tactile. Based on previous systematic reviews, the diagnosis of NCCLs might be more accurately achieved in combination of the visual method and the use of other methods such as electrical methods and QLF for monitoring purposes.

Tooth decay is damage to a tooth's surface, or enamel. It happens when bacteria in your mouth make acids that attack the enamel. Tooth decay can lead to cavities dental caries , which are holes in your teeth. If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss. Our mouths are full of bacteria. Some bacteria are helpful.

WHAT ARE DENTAL CARIES? TREATMENTS, SIGNS, AND SYMPTOMS

Dental caries, which is also referred to as tooth decay or cavities, is one of the most common and widespread persistent diseases today and is also one of the most preventable. When you eat certain foods, the bacteria on your teeth breaks them down and produces acids that have the ability to seriously damage the hard tissues of your tooth. The result is the formation of dental caries cavities. Typically, dental caries can be spotted on two specific areas of the teeth: occlusal caries, which form on the top most part of the tooth where food particles repeatedly come in direct contact with the teeth and interproximal caries, which are dental caries that form between the teeth. If the teeth and surrounding areas are not cared for properly, the bacteria will begin to digest the sugars left over from food in your mouth and convert it into acids as a waste product. These acids are strong enough to demineralize the enamel on your teeth and form tiny holes—the first stage of dental caries. As the enamel begins to break down , the tooth loses the ability to reinforce the calcium and phosphate structures of the teeth naturally through saliva properties and, in time, acid penetrates into the tooth and destroys it from the inside out.

Cavities are decayed areas of your teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. The three types of cavities are shown here. Smooth surface cavities occur on the smooth sides of your teeth, while root cavities develop on the surface over the roots. Pit and fissure cavities occur on the chewing surface of your teeth. Not cleaning your teeth well, frequent snacking and sipping sugary drinks are the main culprits behind cavities. Your dentist will also be able to tell you which of the three types of cavities you have — smooth surface, pit and fissure, or root. Regular checkups can identify cavities and other dental conditions before they cause troubling symptoms and lead to more-serious problems.


PDF | Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated, sugar-driven, multifactorial, dynamic common chronic childhood disease, and its prevalence.


Introduction

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Managing caries in primary teeth

Caries and oral mucosal and periodontal diseases are the major cause of oral health problems. They are prevalent in all ages and demographic and socioeconomic groups.

What Causes Dental Caries?

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