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In international development , good governance is a way of measuring how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources in a preferred way. Governance is "the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented or not implemented ". The concept of "good governance" thus emerges as a model to compare ineffective economies or political bodies with viable economies and political bodies. Because countries often described as "most successful" are liberal democratic states , concentrated in Europe and the Americas, good governance standards often measure other state institutions against these states. In international affairs, analysis of good governance can look at any of the following relationships: .
Read this article to learn about the meaning, limitations and conclusion of good governance. The public administration has introduced a new concept-good governance. The term good governance is difficult to define. But this difficulty does not stand on the way of its explanation and pursuance. From the s America is making continuous efforts to achieve lofty ideal of good governance and, at the beginning of twenty first century, the concept of good governance has become an integral part of public administration.
Nicholas Henry says that the present era the twenty-first century may appropriately be called an era of good governance. The ideal of good governance is yet to be achieved but continuous efforts are being made. Good governance is today regarded as a paradigm of public administration.
It is said that the public administration must be employed to achieve the governance which will come to the benefit of the largest number, if not all members of the body politic. The term governance has two meanings-one is narrow and the other is broad. The former means that simply to administer or rule the state in accordance with law or constitution. But in the present era governance is used in broader sense. The public administration must be engaged in developing a backward nation and in the present century a sizeable part of this task falls upon the public administration.
The purpose of administration shall always be to achieve development. How much development has been achieved that shall be decided by the yardstick of performance. Hence we can say that good governance includes both good administration and-along with it-progress.
But the meaning of the term does not end here. It embraces many other things such as alertness, activities and constructive thought for the people. Here constructive means development of society. This is the age of globalisation and liberalisation and, hence, there are both interactions and collaboration between national and international organisations doing various types of jobs. Good governance must see that the collaboration among both national and international institutions has been ensured and this collaboration has come to the maximum amount of benefit of the body politic.
Good governance also means the attainment of ideals of democracy and participation of people in all activities of state. That is, participatory administration finds its fullest realisation in a society which is governed properly. It also assumes that a good and effective rapport has come to exist between governmental institutions and non-governmental institutions-both national and international as well as MNCs and NGOs. In this age of globalisation all these have key roles to play in the development process of a prismatic society to use the term of Fred Riggs.
At present a developing nation must receive foreign aid in its various forms. The proper or effective use of foreign aid is a crucial issue and its proper use depends upon the public administration. This question also falls under the purview of good governance.
Good governance and participatory administration are coveted goals for any administrative system. But the process of achieving these goals lies elsewhere. How can these two be attained in the present socio-economic and political system? The participation in banking or financial administration —special knowledge in these fields is essential.
Even a highly qualified person not acquainted with these fields cannot successfully participate. Ordinary people cannot even reach the boundary of administration. A majority of the people are found to be disinterested in state affairs or politics. They can criticise the policies or performance of administration but their criticisms are not constructive.
This type of disinterestedness is a powerful limitation of participatory administration. The leaders of the political parties are simply interested in capturing political power through the majority system.
They are not interested in educating people in political affairs which, in political sociology, is called political socialisation. If this is the situation how can we expect a successful participative administration and good governance? Mere participation can never achieve these two. This is the biggest handicap. This form of inequality between men and women cannot assure the success of good governance and participatory administration.
In USA for pretty long time the Negroes were deprived of certain basic rights. The British women got their right to vote in the late s. The people of many countries of Asia and Africa have not yet certain fundamental rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the UN in has not been able to make arrangements so that every citizen can get basic rights.
This frustrating picture does not offering any augur for a hopeful participatory administration. The participatory public administration will appear to them as myth. If participation remains beyond their reach can good governance be a reality? So we conclude that participatory administration, good governance, political and social as well as economic structure of society are closely interlinked.
I strongly believe that both good governance and participative administration are overarching in nature. Even in developed capitalist societies the public administrators have failed to achieve these two. Participatory administration and good governance as ideas are quite attractive.
But in practical field these two still remain as lofty ideals. Modern public administration is highly complex and naturally people have very little or even no scope to participate and ensure good governance. In the age of globalisation the public administration of a particular state is not detached from the rest of the world. Even the role of the nation-state has considerably shrunk. The highly exaggerated propaganda has enough power to befool the common people.
Notwithstanding, we hope that we should strive continuously to achieve both good governance and participatory public administration, because these are our goals —these are our ideals.
During the last one hundred years and more the federal administration of USA is continuously making efforts to make public administration pro-people, pro- development, pro-good governance and pro-democratic.
But the grim picture that has come out of these efforts is that success is yet to come and nobody knows if it will come at all or not!
Participation in Public Administration: Meaning and Types. Civil Society: Nature, Role and Problems.
Featuring essays from thought leaders in public administration, Public Service and Good Governance for the Twenty-First Century offers insights into the governance challenges facing the nation—from diminished capacity to the failure to meet expectations for reform—and recommendations for how civic institutions and leaders might respond. EN English Deutsch. Your documents are now available to view. Confirm Cancel. University of Pennsylvania Press About this book Featuring essays from thought leaders in public administration, Public Service and Good Governance for the Twenty-First Century offers insights into the governance challenges facing the nation—from diminished capacity to the failure to meet expectations for reform—and recommendations for how civic institutions and leaders might respond. Author information James L.
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The Commonwealth advances good governance by helping members to build public service capacity, strengthen their public institutions and improve service delivery. Research in this area includes decentralisation, local government reform, legislation and financing, e-governance, public expenditure management, public—private partnerships and promoting good governance. The use of computers and other technology introduces a range of risks to electoral integrity. Cybersecurity for Elections explains how cybersecurity issues can compromise traditional aspects of elections, explores how cybersecurity interacts with the broader electoral environment, and offers principles for managing cybersecurity risks.
Visitor Statistics. Supervised By. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer. Abstract Recently, good governance constitutes keyword in the framework of bureaucratic reform, particularly among less-developed countries. The process of achieving good governance, however, is a long and winding road indeed.
Read this article to learn about the meaning, limitations and conclusion of good governance.Reply