american declaration of rights and duties of man pdf

American declaration of rights and duties of man pdf

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The Declaration of the Rights of Man

THE DANISH INSTITUTE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Human Rights Award

Similar documents served as the preamble to the Constitution of retitled simply Declaration of the Rights of Man and to the Constitution of retitled Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and the Citizen. In June the Third Estate that of the common people who were neither members of the clergy nor of the nobility declared itself to be a National Assembly and to represent all the people of France. Though the king resisted, the people—particularly the people of Paris —refused to capitulate to the king.

All men are born free and equal, in dignity and in rights, and, being endowed by nature with reason and conscience, they should conduct themselves as brothers one to another. The American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man , also known as the Bogota Declaration , [1] was the world's first international human rights instrument of a general nature, predating the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by less than a year. Chapter One of the Declaration sets forth a catalogue of civil and political rights to be enjoyed by the citizens of the signatory nations, together with additional economic, social, and cultural rights due to them.

The Declaration of the Rights of Man

By , build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters. By , end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1, live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1, live births.

By , end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases. By , reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well- being.

By , substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination. Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.

Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation. By , significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the economic losses relative to gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations.

Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries. By , ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.

Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions. By , eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations. Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate.

Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences.

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws. Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women. Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.

By , achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value. Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment.

By , progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average. By , empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status. Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard.

By , provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons. Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by By , ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature.

Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements. Improve education, awareness- raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning.

By , end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by , the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons.

By , end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round. By , ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes. Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.

By , achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations. By , improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.

By , ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums. By , reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management. By , achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.

Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account their specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities.

By , prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution. By , reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions. By , ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes.

By , ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education. By , ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university. By , substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship.

By , ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy. Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all.

Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all.

Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors. By , upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.

Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by , encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending.

Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries.

Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by end child labour in all its forms.

Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality. Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all. By , double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.

The Guide is provided as a free service under Creative Commons. Please report errors or missing elements to: hewi humanrights. Skip to main content. Goal 1. No poverty 2. Zero hunger 3. Good health and well-being 4. Quality education 5. Gender equality 6. Clean water and sanitation 7. Affordable and clean energy 8. Decent work and economic growth 9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure Reduce inequalities Sustainable cities and communities Responsible consumption and production Climate action Life below water Life on land Peace, justice and strong institutions Partnerships for the goals.

Instrument type - Any - Core UN human rights instruments Environmental instruments International labour standards Other international instruments Regional human rights instruments. Search terms. Click on goal, target or instrument to expand details. Use switch to change which column to be first. Every human being has the right to life, liberty and the security of his person. By , reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per , live births.

By , halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. End abuse, exploitations, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children. All persons are equal before the law and have the rights and duties established in this Declaration, without distinction as to race, sex, language, creed or any other factor. End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

By , substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training. Promote and enforce non- discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development. Every person has the right to freedom of investigation, of opinion, and of the expression and dissemination of ideas, by any medium whatsoever.

Every person has the right to establish a family, the basic element of society, and to receive protection therefore. All women, during pregnancy and the nursing period, and all children have the right to special protection, care and aid.

Every person has the right to the preservation of his health through sanitary and social measures relating to food, clothing, housing and medical care, to the extent permitted by public and community resources. Every person has the right to an education, which should be based on the principles of liberty, morality and human solidarity. Likewise every person has the right to an education that will prepare him to attain a decent life, to raise his standard of living, and to be a useful member of society.

The right to an education includes the right to equality of opportunity in every case, in accordance with natural talents, merit and the desire to utilize the resources that the state or the community is in a position to provide. Every person has the right to receive, free, at least a primary education. Every person has the right to take part in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts, and to participate in the benefits that result from intellectual progress, especially scientific discoveries.

He likewise has the right to the protection of his moral and material interests as regards his inventions or any literary, scientific or artistic works of which he is the author.

THE DANISH INSTITUTE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

For the purpose of this report, it is pertinent to define the specific concept of citizen security, as the definition is an essential prerequisite for determining the scope of the obligations incumbent upon the members States under the relevant instruments of international human rights law. The right to security from crime or interpersonal or social violence is not expressly protected under the international system of human rights law. Nevertheless, the Commission considers that the current basis of the obligations incumbent upon States is a normative core demanding the protection of rights particularly vulnerable to criminal or violent acts that citizen security policies are intended to prevent and control. At the meetings of experts and working meetings held during the sub-regional consultations in the preparation of this report, one point that came up repeatedly was the fact that in both political and academic circles in the Americas different concepts are used when discussing the same topic —protecting and ensuring human rights against crime and violence. When considering the premises of this conceptual definition, the Commission has indicated:. Undoubtedly, as authoritarian States transitioned into democratic States, the concept of security evolved.

By , build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters. By , end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1, live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1, live births. By , end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases. By , reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well- being. By , substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.

By Cecilia Cristina Naddeo. Update by Francisco A. Francisco A. Avalos joined the James E. His area of expertise is Latin American legal research with an emphasis on Mexico. He has written extensively and made many presentations in this area of the law. His current research interests include legal transl ation and the pre-Columbian legal systems of the Americas.

Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Human Rights Award

The article recapitulates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights framers debates regarding the right to education, centering on its primary purposes, followed by contemporary examples of programs, both in formal and informal popular education, designed to achieve each of these specified purposes. Education takes on the status of a human right because it is integral to and enhances human dignity through its fruits of knowledge, wisdom and understanding. Moreover, for instrumental reasons education has the status of a multi-faceted social, economic and cultural human right. It is a social right because in the context of the community it promotes the full development of the human personality. It is an economic right because it facilitates economic self-sufficiency through employment or self-employment.

4 comments

  • Sidney M. 19.11.2020 at 13:12

    Right to life, liberty and personal security. Article II. All persons are equal before the law and have the rights and duties established in this. Declaration, without.

    Reply
  • Telford G. 21.11.2020 at 22:16

    Robotics and industrial automation by rajput pdf articles worksheet for grade 6 pdf

    Reply
  • Tom S. 23.11.2020 at 01:45

    The American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (American Declaration​) is a non-binding declaration on the fundamental human rights to an individual. It​.

    Reply
  • Cameron M. 25.11.2020 at 21:34

    Human rights are like armour: they protect you; they are like rules, because they tell you how you can behave; and they are like judges, because you can appeal to them.

    Reply

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