File Name: introduction to health economics guinness and wiseman .zip
With continuous rise in health spending among countries, the need to make use of limited resources in health systems has become crucial. Health policy makers in countries strive to identify the interventions which can contribute to improving health outcomes. Techniques of economic evaluation, especially cost effectiveness analysis CEA have been widely applied in health sector to identify interventions that are more effective in terms of resources utilization. An understanding of CEA will not only help policy makers to take appropriate decisions in health sector but also in judicious spending of scarce resources. However, CEA studies have been flaunted with series of methodological challenges and practicability issues. This paper provides an introduction to CEA as one of the techniques of economic evaluation of health interventions and its relevance in making decisions in health sector.
Metrics details. If successful, the JKN will be the biggest single payer system in the world. While Indonesia has made steady progress, around a third of its population remains without cover and out of pocket payments for health are widespread even among JKN members. To help close these gaps, especially among the poor, the Indonesian government is currently implementing a set of UHC policy reforms that include the integration of remaining government insurance schemes into the JKN, expansion of provider networks, restructuring of provider payments systems, accreditation of all contracted health facilities and a range of demand side initiatives to increase insurance uptake, especially in the informal sector. This study evaluates the equity impact of this latest set of UHC reforms.
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She has 15 years experience in working on health economics and policy in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe and has published a number of papers in the economic evaluation of public health programmes in low income countries. Virginia Wiseman is a senior lecturer in health economics at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine where she has worked for the past 8 years. Prior to that she was a health economist at the Centre for Health Economics Research and Evaluation CHERE and then the University of Sydney where she taught health economics to public health, medical, dentistry and pharmacy students. She has published widely in the areas of equity, economic evaluation and demand analysis and been a contributing author to several public health and health economic text books. She is lead principal investigator on a Gates-funded multi-country study evaluating the cost-effectiveness of interventions to improve the delivery of malaria medicines in Nigeria and Cameroon.
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The Health Economics Unit HEU works to improve the performance of health systems in Sub-Saharan Africa through research in health economics, training, consultancy and capacity-building. The HEU works to improve the performance of health systems through informing health policy and enhancing technical and managerial capacity in sub-Saharan Africa. Its foundation is academic excellence in health economics and related health system issues. The unit was initially envisioned as primarily a research organisation, but the urgent need for developing health economics capacity both within South Africa and the African region more generally was soon recognised and training activities were initiated. From modest beginnings of a single full-time health economist and part-time inputs from supportive public health colleagues, the HEU has developed a thriving and diverse research portfolio, substantive postgraduate programmes at the masters and doctoral level and extensive technical support activities. The HEU will be a world-class independent authority in health economics, health policy and systems. It will lead in publishing innovative research which addresses priority conceptual and methodological issues in low- and middle- income countries.
We present a bibliometric analysis of recently published full economic evaluations of health interventions and reflect critically on the implications of our findings for this growing field. We present findings regarding the sensitivity, specificity, and added value of searches in the different databases. We examine the distribution of publications between countries, regions, and health areas studied and compare the relative volume of research with disease burden. We analyse authors' country and institutional affiliations, journals and journal type, language, and type of economic evaluation conducted.
Слова Стратмора внезапно были прерваны постукиванием по стеклянной стене Третьего узла. Они обернулись. Сотрудник отдела обеспечения системной безопасности Фил Чатрукьян, приникнув лицом к стеклу, отчаянно барабанил по нему, стараясь разглядеть, есть ли кто-нибудь внутри.
Он двигался методично, обходя один ряд за другим. Наверху лениво раскачивалась курильница, описывая широкую дугу. Прекрасное место для смерти, - подумал Халохот. - Надеюсь, удача не оставит. Беккер опустился на колени на холодный каменный пол и низко наклонил голову. Человек, сидевший рядом, посмотрел на него в недоумении: так не принято было вести себя в храме Божьем.
Сьюзан прищурилась. Ты сам отлично знаешь, что происходит. - А ну-ка пропусти меня, Грег, - сказала. - Мне нужно в туалет. Хейл ухмыльнулся, но, подождав еще минуту, отошел в сторону. - Извини, Сью, я пошутил. Сьюзан быстро проскочила мимо него и вышла из комнаты.
Стратмор продолжал: - Несколько раз Танкадо публично называл имя своего партнера. North Dakota. Северная Дакота. - Северная Дакота. Разумеется, это кличка. - Да, но я на всякий случай заглянул в Интернет, запустив поиск по этим словам.
Дэвид… Слава Богу. Я думала, что потеряла. Он потер виски, подвинулся ближе к камере и притянул гибкий шланг микрофона ко рту. - Сьюзан. Она была потрясена. Прямо перед ней во всю стену был Дэвид, его лицо с резкими чертами. - Сьюзан, я хочу кое о чем тебя спросить.
- Так назвал ее Танкадо. Это новейшее оружие, направленное против разведслужб.
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