religion and sports in american culture pdf

Religion and sports in american culture pdf

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World Religions Reading Comprehension Pdf

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3.2 The Elements of Culture

Hum Worksheet Cultures And Artifacts In Boyd and Richerson's view, cultural evolution, operating on socially learned information, exists on a separate but co-evolutionary track from.

World Religions Reading Comprehension Pdf

The culture of the United States of America is primarily of Western origin, but is influenced by a multicultural ethos that includes African , Native American , Asian , Pacific Island , and Latin American people and their cultures. It also has its own distinct social and cultural characteristics, such as dialect , music , arts , social habits , cuisine , and folklore. The United States is ethnically and racially diverse as a result of large-scale migration throughout its history, and through African-American slavery and emancipation.

The varieties of English people, as opposed to the other peoples on the British Isles, were the overwhelming majority ethnic group in the 17th century population of the colonies in was , and were The English ethnic group contributed to the major cultural and social mindset and attitudes that evolved into the American character.

Large non-English immigrant populations from the s to , such as the Germans , or more , Scotch Irish , , added enriched and modified the English cultural substrate, The Encyclopedia of Colonial and Revolutionary America, Ed. John Mack Faragher, , pp. The religious outlook was some versions of Protestantism 1.

Jeffersonian democracy was a foundational American cultural innovation, which is still a core part of the country's identity.

Major cultural influences have been brought by historical immigration, especially from Germany in much of the country, [3] Ireland and Italy in the Northeast, Japan in Hawaii. Latin American culture is especially pronounced in former Spanish areas but has also been introduced by immigration, as has Asian American cultures especially on the West Coast.

Native culture remains strong in areas with large undisturbed or relocated populations, including traditional government and communal organization of property now legally managed by Indian reservations large reservations are mostly in the West, especially Arizona and South Dakota.

The fate of native culture after contact with Europeans is quite varied. In contrast, the Hawaiian language and culture of the Native Hawaiians has survived in Hawaii and mixed with that of immigrants from the mainland U. It occasionally influences mainstream American culture with notable exports like surfing and Hawaiian shirts. Most languages native to what is now U.

The most common native languages include Samoan , Hawaiian , Navajo language , Cherokee , Sioux , and a spectrum of Inuit languages. See Indigenous languages of the Americas for a fuller listing, plus Chamorro , and Carolinian in the Pacific territories.

American culture includes both conservative and liberal elements, scientific and religious competitiveness, political structures, risk taking and free expression, materialist and moral elements. Despite certain consistent ideological principles e. The flexibility of U. The United States has traditionally been thought of as a melting pot , with immigrants contributing to but eventually assimilating with mainstream American culture.

However, beginning in the s and continuing on in the present day, the country trends towards cultural diversity , pluralism , and the image of a salad bowl instead. Due to the extent of American culture, there are many integrated but unique social subcultures within the United States, some not tied to any particular geography. The cultural affiliations an individual in the United States may have commonly depended on social class , political orientation and a multitude of demographic characteristics such as religious background, occupation, and ethnic group membership.

Colonists from the United States formed the now-independent country of Liberia. The west coast of the continental United States, consisting of California, Oregon , and Washington state, is also sometimes referred to as the Left Coast , indicating its left-leaning political orientation and tendency towards social liberalism. The South is sometimes informally called the " Bible Belt " due to socially conservative evangelical Protestantism , which is a significant part of the region's culture.

Christian church attendance across all denominations is generally higher there than the national average. This region is usually contrasted with the mainline Protestantism and Catholicism of the Northeast , the religiously diverse Midwest and Great Lakes , the Mormon Corridor in Utah and southern Idaho , and the relatively secular West.

Strong cultural differences have a long history in the U. Social and economic tensions between the Northern and Southern states were so severe that they eventually caused the South to declare itself an independent nation, the Confederate States of America ; thus initiating the American Civil War. Although the United States has no official language at the federal level, 28 states have passed legislation making English the official language, and it is considered to be the de facto national language.

According to the U. The national dialect is known as American English , which itself consists of numerous regional dialects, but has some shared unifying features that distinguish it from other national varieties of English.

A standard dialect called " General American " analogous in some respects to the received pronunciation elsewhere in the English-speaking world , lacking the distinctive noticeable features of any particular region, is believed by some to exist as well; it is sometimes regionally associated with the Midwest. American Sign Language , used mainly by the deaf, is also native to the United States.

More than languages besides English have native speakers in the United States—some are spoken by indigenous peoples about living languages and others imported by immigrants. In fact, English is not the first language of most immigrants in the US, though many do arrive knowing how to speak it, especially from countries where English is broadly used.

According to the census, there are nearly 30 million native speakers of Spanish in the United States. Spanish has official status in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico , where it is the primary language spoken, and the state of New Mexico ; various smaller Spanish enclaves exist around the country as well. Indigenous languages of the United States include the Native-American languages including Navajo , Yupik , Dakota , and Apache , which are spoken on the country's numerous Indian reservations and at cultural events such as pow wows ; Hawaiian , which has official status in the state of Hawaii ; Chamorro , which has official status in the commonwealths of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands ; Carolinian , which has official status in the commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands ; and Samoan , which has official status in the commonwealth of American Samoa.

In the lateth and earlyth centuries, American artists primarily painted landscapes and portraits in a realistic style or that which looked to Europe for answers on technique: for example, John Singleton Copley was born in Boston, but most of his portraiture for which he is famous follow the trends of British painters like Thomas Gainsborough and the transitional period between Rococo and Neoclassicism.

The later 18th century was a time when the United States was just an infant as a nation and as far away from the phenomenon where artists would receive training as craftsmen by apprenticeship and later seeking a fortune as a professional, ideally getting a patron: Many artists benefited from the patronage of Grand Tourists eager to procure mementos of their travels. There were no temples of Rome or grand nobility to be found in the Thirteen Colonies.

Later developments of the 19th century brought America one of its earliest native homegrown movements, like the Hudson River School and portrait artists with a uniquely American flavor like Winslow Homer. A parallel development taking shape in rural America was the American craft movement, which began as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution. As the nation grew wealthier, it had patrons able to buy the works of European painters and attract foreign talent willing to teach methods and techniques from Europe to willing students as well as artists themselves; photography became a very popular medium for both journalism and in time as a medium in its own right with America having plenty of open spaces of natural beauty and growing cities in the East teeming with new arrivals and new buildings.

Painting in the United States today covers a vast range of styles. Architecture in the United States is regionally diverse and has been shaped by many external forces. Currently, the overriding theme of American Architecture is modernity, as manifest in the skyscrapers of the 20th century, with domestic and residential architecture greatly varying according to local tastes and climate. Theater of the United States is based in the Western tradition and did not take on a unique dramatic identity until the emergence of Eugene O'Neill in the early twentieth century, now considered by many to be the father of American drama.

After this fertile period, American theater broke new ground, artistically, with the absurdist forms of Edward Albee in the s. Social commentary has also been a preoccupation of American theater, often addressing issues not discussed in the mainstream. Broadway is one of the largest theater communities in the world and is the epicenter of American commercial theater. American music styles and influences such as rock and roll , jazz , rock , techno , soul , country , hip-hop , blues and music based on them can be heard all over the world.

Music in the U. It includes African-American influence in the 20th century. The first half of this century is famous for jazz, introduced by African-Americans. According to music journalist Robert Christgau , "pop music is more African than any other facet of American culture.

The best-selling band is The Eagles. Television is a major mass media of the United States. Household ownership of television sets in the country is The peak ownership percentage of households with at least one television set occurred during the —97 season, with As of August , approximately ,, American households own at least one television set. Due to a recent surge in the number and popularity of critically acclaimed television series, many critics have said that American television is currently enjoying a golden age.

There is a regard for scientific advancement and technological innovation in American culture, resulting in the creation of many modern innovations. The great American inventors include Robert Fulton the steamboat ; Samuel Morse the telegraph ; Eli Whitney the cotton gin , interchangeable parts ; Cyrus McCormick the reaper ; and Thomas Edison with more than a thousand inventions credited to his name. Most of the new technological innovations over the 20th and 21st centuries were either first invented in the United States, first widely adopted by Americans, or both.

Examples include the lightbulb , the airplane , the transistor , the atomic bomb , nuclear power , the personal computer , the iPod , video games , online shopping , and the development of the Internet. This propensity for application of scientific ideas continued throughout the 20th century with innovations that held strong international benefits. The twentieth century saw the arrival of the Space Age , the Information Age , and a renaissance in the health sciences.

This culminated in cultural milestones such as the Apollo moon landings , the creation of the Personal Computer, and the sequencing effort called the Human Genome Project. Throughout its history, American culture has made significant gains through the open immigration of accomplished scientists.

Accomplished scientists include Scottish-American scientist Alexander Graham Bell , who developed and patented the telephone and other devices; German scientist Charles Steinmetz , who developed new alternating-current electrical systems in ; Russian scientist Vladimir Zworykin , who invented the motion camera in ; Serb scientist Nikola Tesla who patented a brushless electrical induction motor based on rotating magnetic fields in With the rise of the Nazi party in Germany, a large number of Jewish scientists fled Germany and immigrated to the country, including theoretical physicist Albert Einstein in Education in the United States is and has historically been provided mainly by the government.

Control and funding come from three levels: federal , state , and local. School attendance is mandatory and nearly universal at the elementary and high school levels often known outside the United States as the primary and secondary levels. Students have the option of having their education held in public schools , private schools, or home school. In most public and private schools, education is divided into three levels: elementary school , junior high school also often called middle school , and high school.

In almost all schools at these levels, children are divided by age groups into grades. Post-secondary education , better known as "college" in the United States, is generally governed separately from the elementary and high school system. In the year , there were Of these, 72 percent aged 12 to 17 were judged academically "on track" for their age enrolled in school at or above grade level.

Of those enrolled in compulsory education, 5. Among the country's adult population, over 85 percent have completed high school and 27 percent have received a bachelor's degree or higher. Among developed countries , the U. The most popular religion in the U. Although participation in organized religion has been diminishing, the public life and popular culture of the United States incorporates many Christian ideals specifically about redemption, salvation, conscience, and morality. Examples are popular culture obsessions with confession and forgiveness, which extends from reality television to twelve-step meetings.

Americans expect public figures to confess and have public penitence for any sins or moral wrongdoings they may have caused. Several of the original Thirteen Colonies were established by English settlers who wished to practice their own religion without discrimination or persecution: Pennsylvania was established by Quakers , Maryland by Roman Catholics, and the Massachusetts Bay Colony by Puritans. They were convinced that the democratic form of government was the will of God.

Modeling the provisions concerning religion within the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom , the framers of the United States Constitution rejected any religious test for office, and the First Amendment specifically denied the central government any power to enact any law respecting either an establishment of religion or prohibiting its free exercise.

In the following decades, the animating spirit behind the constitution's Establishment Clause led to the disestablishment of the official religions within the member states. The framers were mainly influenced by secular, Enlightenment ideals, but they also considered the pragmatic concerns of minority religious groups who did not want to be under the power or influence of a state religion that did not represent them.

He is always in alliance with the despot. The United States observes holidays derived from events in American history , Christian traditions , and national patriarchs.

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Now if only they could green-light another season of Watchmen. Step back from the day-to-day and get a global perspective with the annual Britannica Premium Membership. The world standard in knowledge since Search Britannica Click here to search. Encyclopedia Categories. Today in context, March 14,

Culture was defined earlier as the symbols, language, beliefs, values, and artifacts that are part of any society. As this definition suggests, there are two basic components of culture: ideas and symbols on the one hand and artifacts material objects on the other. The first type, called nonmaterial culture , includes the values, beliefs, symbols, and language that define a society. These elements of culture are discussed next. Every culture is filled with symbols , or things that stand for something else and that often evoke various reactions and emotions. Some symbols are actually types of nonverbal communication, while other symbols are in fact material objects.

According to Roman Catholic belief, what we refer to as God is an all powerful deity consisting of The Father, the son, and the Holy spirit. Many people look to music for entertainment. It's great writing practice! Sport Foundation, a sport must include a physical activity which involves propelling a mass through space or overcoming the resistance of mass, like a football, baseball, or in cheerleading, a person. Of course Does celebrating kindness week make people kinder? If your teacher had a Magic School Bus, where would you go on a field trip? Even though wearing uniforms might seem like it can solve all problems no matter what people choose to do clothing will always be a debate in As humanity has developed we have created rights for the discrimination.

3.2 The Elements of Culture

Athletic events occur in discrete locations, played by individuals following a prescribed set of rules, leaving behind metrics like wins and losses, final scores, and overall records. So on the surface, the empirical facts of sports are rather mundane. And yet, for devoted participants and observers, physical movements and calculated numbers feed into carefully constructed worlds of mythic stories, potent symbols, and exuberant rituals. The story of religion and sports in America, then, starts with bodies in motion.


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  • Cindy K. 23.11.2020 at 03:16

    The culture of the United States of America is primarily of Western origin, but is influenced by a multicultural ethos that includes African , Native American , Asian , Pacific Island , and Latin American people and their cultures.


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